What is prostatitis? Symptoms complications and treatment

What is prostatitis? Symptoms complications and treatment

What is prostatitis?
What is prostatitis?

Prostatitis is an inflammation or infection that develops in the prostate gland in men, usually in those over the age of forty where 50% of men experience symptoms of prostatitis at least once during their life.

Here are the main details:

*** Symptoms of prostatitis

In the case of prostatitis, the following symptoms appear:

  • Pain or burning when urinating.
  • difficulty urinating
  • Frequent urination, especially at night.
  • An urgent need to urinate.
  • cloudy urine;
  • blood in the urine;
  • Pain in the abdomen, groin, or lower back.
  • Pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum.
  • Pain or discomfort in the penis or testicles.
  • Painful ejaculation.
  • Flu-like signs and symptoms.

*** Causes and risk factors of prostatitis

The following is an explanation of the main causes and risk factors for prostatitis:

1. Causes of prostatitis

Acute bacterial prostatitis is often caused by common strains of bacteria. An infection can start when bacteria in the urine leak into the prostate.

Antibiotics are used to treat the infection, but if the bacteria aren't killed, prostatitis may recur or be difficult to treat. Nerve damage in the lower urinary tract that can be due to surgery or trauma to the area may also contribute to prostatitis that isn't caused by a bacterial infection.

2. Risk factors for prostatitis

The main risk factors include the following:

  • Young or middle age.
  • Previous infection with prostatitis.
  • An infection in the bladder or the tube that carries semen and urine to the penis.
  • Pelvic trauma, such as an injury from cycling or horseback riding.
  • Using a tube inserted into the urethra to drain the bladder.
  • HIV infection.
  • Prostate biopsy.

*** Complications of prostatitis

Complications of prostatitis can include:

  • Bacterial infection in the blood.
  • Inflammation of the coiled tube attached to the back of the testicle known as epididymitis.
  • A pus-filled cavity in the prostate.
  • Semen abnormalities and infertility that can occur with chronic prostatitis.
  • There is no direct evidence that prostatitis can lead to prostate cancer.

*** Diagnosis of prostatitis

The most important diagnostic methods include the following:

1. urine tests

A sample of your urine may be analyzed to look for signs of infection in your urine, and your doctor may also send a sample of your urine to a laboratory to determine whether you have an infection.

2. Blood tests

Your doctor may check samples of your blood for signs of infection and other prostate problems.

3. Post prostate massage

In rare cases, your doctor may massage the prostate and test the secretions.

4. Imaging tests

In some cases, your doctor may order a CT scan of the urinary tract and prostate, or a prostate ultrasound. CT images provide more detailed information than regular X-rays. Ultrasound is the visible image produced by ultrasound.

*** Treatment of prostatitis

The main treatment methods include the following:

1. Antibiotics

Taking antibiotics is the most common treatment for prostatitis. Your doctor will choose your medication based on the type of bacteria that may be causing the infection. If you have severe symptoms, you may need intravenous antibiotics. You will likely need to take oral antibiotics for as long as Four to six weeks but you may need longer treatment for chronic or recurrent prostatitis.

2. Description of alpha blockers

These medications help relax the bladder neck and muscle fibers where the prostate meets the bladder, which may relieve painful urination.

3. Anti-inflammatory painkillers

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may make you more comfortable.

*** Prevention of prostatitis

The disease cannot be prevented.

Common types

The most common types of prostatitis include:

1. Acute bacterial prostatitis

Often caused by common strains of bacteria, this type of prostatitis begins suddenly and causes flu-like signs and symptoms, such as fever, chills, nausea and vomiting.

2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis

When antibiotics don't kill the bacteria causing prostatitis, you can get recurring or difficult-to-treat infections. Between episodes of chronic bacterial prostatitis, you may have no or only mild symptoms.

3. Chronic prostatitis

Chronic pelvic pain syndrome, or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, is the most common type of prostatitis that is not caused by bacteria. The exact cause often cannot be determined. For some men, symptoms remain the same over time, and for others, symptoms go through cycles of increasing and decreasing.

4. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis

This type of prostatitis does not cause symptoms and is usually discovered only by chance when you are tested for other conditions, and this type does not require treatment.

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