What are the pathological conditions that require taking antibiotics?

What are the pathological conditions that require taking antibiotics?

What are the pathological conditions that require taking antibiotics?
What are the pathological conditions that require taking antibiotics?

Antibiotics are medicines that treat bacterial infections and do not treat infections caused by viruses such as the common cold or the flu, and taking antibiotics without the need for them leads to their invalidation when they are needed.

Here lies the danger because this will contribute to the activation of a type of bacteria for which there is no cure. The seriousness of the matter urged the World Health Organization to dedicate the World Week for Awareness of the Misuse of Antibiotics, because of its ominous consequences.

The misuse of antibiotics is two things, either by using them excessively or using them incorrectly, which can cause catastrophic health damage; Antibiotics have the ability to change the effectiveness of medications in addition to killing bacteria in the body, including the beneficial bacteria in the intestine that help digest food, and other health problems such as stomach pain. Antibiotics are medicines that stop infections caused by bacteria by killing them. Or prevent it from multiplying by slowing its movement and stopping its growth.

*** What are the side effects in case of excessive use of antibiotics?

Excessive use of antibiotics, or taking some types of them, causes the elimination of beneficial bacteria in the intestine, which facilitates the infection of the intestine with harmful bacterial attacks that lead to a new infection that is difficult to treat. On the other hand, some antibiotics have the ability to cross the placental barrier and reach the fetus, leaving side effects on it, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, as well as some antibiotics may affect the infant through breast milk.

There are those who suffer from allergies to certain types of antibiotics, and suffer from mild diarrhea, vomiting, mild burning in the stomach, or skin rashes and itching, and some of them are more dangerous, such as severe diarrhea or difficulty breathing. More seriously, the bacteria can acquire immunity to the antibiotic if it is misused.

Accordingly, it is necessary not to take any type of anti-inflammatories before consulting a doctor, who in turn determines the appropriate type for each disease and for each age and according to the state of the immune system, in addition to many other considerations on the basis of which the type and period needed to take the drug are prescribed.

*** When should antibiotics be taken?

Among the medical conditions that require the use of antibiotics:

  • Respiratory infections after confirming the presence of bacterial infection through clinical examination or laboratory examination.

  • Pneumonia has many causes such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. In this case, the doctor can prescribe antibiotics after determining the type of bacteria causing the pneumonia.

  • Chronic sinus infections that increase rapidly, with thick secretions that tend to green in color, which is an indication of a bacterial infection.

  • Acute bronchitis if the patient also suffers from emphysema or COPD.

  • Strep throat after the doctor makes sure that it is more than just a sore throat.

  • Otitis media in infants in all cases; As for older children, they should wait a few days and work on alleviating the symptoms, and with the failure of this step, the doctor resorts to antibiotics.

  • eye infections in case of thick secretions or if the eyes are red in color; The doctor will also resort to antibiotics if these symptoms persist and worsen.

  • Urinary tract infection after urine culture test to determine the bacterial type and prescribe the appropriate antibiotic.

  • Inflammation of the skin indicating the presence of infection, such as the presence of yellow secretions or the presence of an abscess, or redness and swelling of the skin, or a high temperature.

  • Wounds, including surgical wounds, or if there are signs of infection at the site of the wound.

  • Antibiotics can also be given if there is any suspicion of infection in people with weak immunity, such as cancer patients or those who take cortisone.

  • There are certain types of antibiotics that are chosen based on the type of infection, how resistant the bacteria are to the antibiotic, and based on the areas affected.

Taking antibiotics is accompanied by some side effects such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea in some cases, as a result of the antibiotic killing of beneficial bacteria in the intestine; Yogurt can be eaten to help restore lost beneficial bacteria from the intestines.

Some types of antibiotics may cause a change in the color of urine or stool, and there is no need to worry because the color quickly returns to normal after stopping the medication.

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