Sports and diabetes

Sports and diabetes

Sports and diabetes
Sports and diabetes


It is well known that sport and physical activity have an impact on health and help in healing or mitigating the impact of many diseases and health problems. Among these diseases are chronic diseases such as diabetes, growing such as cardiovascular diseases, dangers such as cancer, and common ones such as obesity, and of course other benefits to the circulatory system and mental and psychological health.


In the context of its follow-up to the importance of the relationship between sport and health, the “Arab Hospital” magazine follows up on the importance of sport and its positive impact on diseases considered intractable to drugs and medical treatments. In this issue, it deals with the impact of exercise on people with diabetes, especially type II.


Understanding the most common diseases and their associated risk factors is critical to conceiving and promoting the role of sport in health prevention. In developing countries, for example, sport is widely used as a tool to educate individuals and societies about risk factors associated with HIV/AIDS. This virus and other infectious diseases continue to affect millions of people around the world. On the other hand, the global burden of non-communicable diseases related to lifestyle changes and their relationship to physical inactivity, unhealthy diets and tobacco use is increasing.


*** Diabetes is not incurable.


In this context, diabetes appears as one of the diseases that can be mitigated by sports. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the body does not produce or use insulin properly, which can lead to type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Diabetes can be prevented, or at least delayed, by losing weight and adopting a healthy lifestyle, particularly regular physical activity. Diet, drug therapy, and physical activity are also major components of diabetes treatment.


Diabetes is on the rise among Americans of all ages. About 26 million people have some form of the disease, and 78 million have prediabetes. This indicates that the US health system is advanced and dynamic. But the American way of life does not help alleviate the disease.


The good news is that preventive measures can delay the onset of diabetes, and control weight, cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose levels. All of these factors can help prevent complications from developing diabetes.


Proper diet and exercise are the prescription for many common health problems, including: high blood pressure, cholesterol, heart disease, stroke and obesity.


In this context, doctors and health experts are recommending exercise and a proper diet to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, a condition that also affects more and more teens who are exchanging common activities for computer games and eating more fatty chips, crackers, biscuits, and soda.


To prove this, the National Institutes of Health conducted an advanced study to show that diet and exercise can delay diabetes. Clinical trials have shown that half an hour of walking or other low-impact exercise per day, along with a low-fat diet, reduces the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58 percent.


*** Sports and diet.


How can exercise reduce diabetes or be a cure for it?


Researchers and specialists believe that losing weight resulting from healthy eating and increased physical activity enables muscle cells to use insulin and glucose more efficiently, thus reducing the risk of diabetes. Conversely, a lack of exercise can cause muscle cells to lose sensitivity to insulin, which controls blood sugar levels. Reducing calories in diabetics should not be limited to reducing meals or replacing white sugar with sucralose and eating light foods, but also sports should be included alongside, after consulting a specialist doctor.


Even if you don't lose weight, exercise will make you stronger and healthier," says American endocrinologist Douglas Zlock, MD, medical director of the Diabetes Center at John Muir Health. "Healthy habits can certainly delay the onset of diabetes even if they don't prevent it.


John Muir Health certified diabetes educators firmly believe that those at risk of developing diabetes can develop a flexible program of care with the help of a dedicated team. Important clinical trials have shown that exercise, healthy eating, and modest weight loss can prevent diabetes. They point out that it takes time and effort to reduce your risk of disease, but this investment in your health is a valuable investment!


*** Greater benefit with early detection.


This does not mean, of course, that the above dispenses with visiting a doctor, laboratory tests and taking medications according to prescriptions, but its importance is that it helps alleviate the disease and reduce dependence on drugs, one of which is not without side effects. Specialists say: “Detecting diabetes early by examining people who are susceptible to more than one cause helps treat it, especially because many people do not show symptoms. This is vital to prevent complications. In the event of commitment to certain exercises, the patient can greatly alleviate the situation.


Studies in the United States have shown that Hispanics, African Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, older adults, women with gestational diabetes, overweight people, and Those with a family history of diabetes. But among all of them, it appeared that some of the injured or exposed are those who suffer from inactivity, and for these at least, sport is able to protect them and prevent their exposure to injury.


In addition, exercise and aerobic exercises can prevent complications of diabetes, reduce the risk of heart disease, as well as help burn excess body fat and control the level of glucose, but it is important to remember that diabetics in particular should pay attention and maintain the laws Caution and safety so that they do not harm themselves due to their illness.


*** How do we avoid complications?


Although cutting out fatty foods and sweets and motivating oneself to maintain a daily exercise program can require some discipline, the payoff is enormous because people at risk of developing diabetes are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease. It has been established medically that heart disease is two to four times more common in people with diabetes, and the risk of stroke is also two to four times higher. High blood pressure is manifested in the majority of adults with this disease, and diabetes is the main cause of kidney disease. All of this has proven how much exercise can help in overcoming it or mitigating its effects.


In this context, endocrinologists in Germany say, Control of blood glucose, blood pressure and blood cholesterol, along with regular preventive care can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. They recommend adopting a regular lifestyle with at least 30 minutes of exercise per day. Likewise, follow a low-fat, low-sugar diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. It is also important that exercise and balanced meals make the patient maintain his ideal weight.


*** Tips for a healthy sport


Just as exercise helps improve insulin action in diabetic patients, reduces the need for medication, relieves tension, stress and anxiety, and improves concentration level. Also, exercising in an unthought and disciplined form may harm the person doing it. Hence, diabetics should pay attention to this aspect and take advantage of the healthy aspect of sports and avoid the harms that may result from any improper exercise.


In order to take the potential benefit of exercising for diabetics, they must follow some tips on how to exercise in the right and proper way, and the most important of these tips for exercising for diabetics, for example:


  • Obtain the approval of the attending physician before starting a new sport.

  • Take fruit juice, or any type of sugar before going out to practice any kind of sports, in anticipation of a low blood sugar level, especially when exercising away from home.

  • Wear appropriate shoes for the type of sports you do to prevent injuries and wounds to the feet, and it is also recommended to wear special socks for sports to prevent excessive friction that can cause injury.

  • Ensure that there are no wounds or ulcers on the legs before exercising and wearing shoes.

  • Keep drinking water before, during, and after sports.

  • Taking personal identification when going to exercise in anticipation of fainting or in case there is a need to go to receive medical help.

  • Check your blood sugar level before and after exercising. It is also recommended to consult a doctor for the appropriate blood sugar level before exercising.

  • Stop exercising and check your blood sugar level if you feel tremors, restlessness, excessive sweating or any unusual change in your heart rhythm (heart rate).

  • Do muscle warm-up exercises for 5-10 minutes before practicing any kind of sports, so that the body is ready for sports and not be surprised by difficult and intense exercises.

  • Exercising for 30 minutes a day, and it does not have to be continuous, but it can be divided during the day.

  • Aerobic exercise for diabetics; Because it improves the health of the body.

  • Practicing types of sports that include more than one participant, in this way it is possible to develop social relationships and meet new people.

  • Swimming helps to feel relaxed, and is recommended for those who suffer from arthritis; Because it does not put pressure on the joints and enables relaxation and comfort in the water.


Use the stairs instead of the elevator.


The patient should start exercising slowly and gradually increase the number of times, and should strive to exercise for at least half an hour, 5 days a week, or as recommended by the health care provider. The patient can divide half an hour into three sessions of 10 minutes each.


Symptoms of gestational diabetes.. should be addressed immediately

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