Cholera: Is It Really a Scary Disease?

Cholera: Is It Really a Scary Disease?
Cholera: Is It Really a Scary Disease?


What do you know about cholera? Is it really a serious disease as we imagine? Or has it become a disease that can be easily dealt with now?


Cholera is one of the diseases that killed many people in ancient times, so what do you need to know about the disease? Here's the full guide here:


**** What is cholera?


Cholera is a serious bacterial disease that may cause severe dehydration and diarrhea. Cholera infection usually spreads through water contaminated with the disease bacteria.


Cholera is such a serious disease that medical treatment must be done within hours only after infection, and even during the first hours of infection, negligence of the patient can cause death.


Although modern sewage systems in most countries of the world have successfully managed to provide clean water free of cholera, the problem still exists in some poor countries.


**** Causes of cholera


A particular strain of bacteria called Vibrio cholerae causes cholera. When these bacteria enter the digestive system, they produce highly toxic substances when they reach the intestines.


The bacteria may reach a person as a result of eating foods or drinks contaminated with cholera bacteria, such as: vegetables and fruits whose peels contain bacteria, or if they have been irrigated with contaminated water.


These toxic substances, when bound to the inner walls of the intestine, are:


It disrupts the normal flow of sodium and chloride.

It stimulates the body to expel large amounts of water from inside, and this appears in the form of diarrhea.

It is worth noting that cholera bacteria are not transmitted from one person to another through touch, unlike some other bacterial diseases, such as typhoid.


**** Risk factors and chances of getting cholera.


There are some factors that increase the chances of getting cholera, and these are the most important:


Unclean environment.

A deficiency in stomach acids, as cholera bacteria cannot live in an acidic environment.

The presence of sick people in the surrounding environment.

People with blood type O, although this is strange and the cause is not yet clear.


**** Symptoms of cholera.


In many cases, people exposed to cholera have no symptoms, and in many cases, the patient does not know that he is infected, as the bacteria may be expelled through the faeces without symptoms within a period of 14 days.


Symptoms of cholera appear only in 10% of infected people within 2-3 days of infection, and these are some of the visible symptoms:


sudden diarrhea

Nausea and vomiting.

Slight or moderate dryness.

Rapid weight loss.


The real danger here lies in the severity of the dehydration that the patient may suffer from, as dehydration may cause the following things:


Extreme tiredness and fatigue.

mood swings

Excessive thirst and dry mouth.

Urinating less often than usual.

Arrhythmia.

Reduction of Blood pressure.

Low levels of minerals in the blood, which may cause muscle spasms.


Children usually have the same symptoms as adults, with additional symptoms that may include:


Severe dizziness and lightheadedness.

fever and high temperature;

coma.


**** Cholera treatment


These are some of the traditional treatment methods used to treat cholera:


Treat dehydration with special salts taken orally.

Treatment of rehydration via intravenous serum.

Antibiotics.

Zinc supplement.

Although the use of anti-diarrheals may seem obvious, it is not recommended to use them here because the diarrhea that occurs helps to expel bacteria from the body through the waste.


Cholera can be fatal if it causes a very rapid loss of fluids and salts from the body, sometimes with death within 2-3 hours.


**** Prevention of cholera


If you are about to travel to a place where cholera is common, take the following precautions and precautions:


Wash hands well.

Drink only mineral or boiled water.

Avoid eating contaminated foods.

Avoid eating dairy products.

Eat only fruits and vegetables that you have peeled.

Make sure to eat well-cooked food and avoid eating raw food, including salads.


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