coronary artery disease

coronary artery disease
coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is a serious heart disease that affects women. The coronary artery is one of the most important major arteries of the heart, as it supplies the heart muscle with adequate amounts of blood needed by the muscle. It helps nourish the heart with oxygen and nutrients.

Coronary arteries branch from the aorta inside the heart, and there are two types of coronary arteries, the right coronary artery and the left coronary artery. When a coronary artery deteriorates, malfunctions, or deficiencies in its vital functions, it causes great damage to the heart muscle, and then many serious complications occur to the patient. Through the following lines, get acquainted with us, dear, in detail, about coronary artery disease, its causes and symptoms, so follow us.

What is coronary artery disease?

Coronary artery disease joins the list of serious heart diseases, as it is the most important serious disease in the United States of America, and more than 13 million Americans suffer from it. And according to what they describe as the number one killer disease in America. Coronary artery disease affects humans when hardening or blockages occur in the coronary arteries, which in turn provide the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients and supply blood to it. Atherosclerosis occurs as a result of the accumulation of a lot of platelets saturated with cholesterol, with many deposits of fatty substances, which reduces blood flow to the heart. This arterial blockage also leads to a narrowing of the vessels and blood vessels that supply the heart itself with needed blood.

 Causes of coronary artery disease.

1- Obese

One of the serious complications of obesity is that it is one of the main causes of coronary artery disease. This is because the amount of fat and grease accumulated in the body leads to atherosclerosis significantly. As fatty and fatty substances form some deposits on the walls of blood vessels. There are also some chemicals that collect on the walls, making fats, and these substances form the tough platelet material that causes clotting and blood clotting. This leads to accumulation in the damaged part of the vessel wall. Here, narrowing of the bloodstream and the occurrence of blockage in the blood vessels.

2- Too much smoking

Smoking is one of the habits that is very harmful to human health, but one of its most harmful is that it is one of the main causes of coronary artery disease. This is because the tobacco in cigarettes is enough to cause inflammation of the cells that travel through the blood. This inflammation leads to blockage and hardening of the arteries and narrowing of the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart. In the end, it leads to a failure in the functions of the coronary artery by supplying the heart muscle with the appropriate blood.

3- High blood pressure and diabetes

Among the causes and factors that increase the risk of coronary artery disease, are high blood pressure levels, and high blood sugar rates. Both of them work to harden the arteries and reduce blood flow to the heart muscle.

Coronary artery disease symptoms

Inability to breathe: There are many symptoms and signs associated with coronary artery disease, the most important of which are severe shortness of breath and a feeling of suffocation with a feeling of unbearable pain in the chest area, and this is the result of fluid accumulation in the lungs.

Sudden fainting: One of the symptoms that indicate coronary artery disease is sudden fainting, and sudden heart attack as well. This is with increased sweating significantly, especially during simple physical exertion.

Body swelling: Other signs that occur as a result of clogged arteries and weak heart muscle are swelling and enlargement of body parts such as hands and feet.

 Coronary artery disease treatment.

Aspirin therapy

There is more than one way to treat coronary artery disease with drugs and medical drugs. The most important of these is the use of aspirin, which is anti-platelet aggregation on the walls of blood vessels, which reduces the incidence of heart attack by 34%. Also, take the anti-clopid and grille if the patient is allergic to aspirin, or suffers from stomach ulcers. These antibiotics reduce the risk of coronary artery thrombosis.

Depressant therapy

Also, among the drug treatments that benefit coronary artery patients, is taking inhibitors, including beta-blockers, which are most beneficial for the angina patient, or S-inhibitors, which in turn improve heart efficiency, reduce muscle hypertrophy, and at the same time reduce the rate of atherosclerosis. Among the treated inhibitors are calcium inhibitors, which help dilate blood vessels.

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