Breast cancer

Breast cancer
Breast cancer


Breast cancer today is not the same as it was 20 years ago, as awareness and early detection have increased, methods of treatment have advanced, and cure rates have increased. Women are often more susceptible to it. For people who have it, there are many reasons why they may feel hopeful.


Breast cancer symptoms:


1. Feeling of a painless lump in the breast


2. Change in the size or shape of the breast


3. Swelling or puffiness under the armpit


4. A change in the shape of the nipple and the exit of liquid from it


5. Breast skin changes texture, becomes rough, thick, swollen, like an orange peel


6. The appearance of some bumps that look like a rash


7. Feeling pain in the breast, it can also be a symptom of breast cancer


 Mammogram examination:


It is a mammogram, the earlier the disease is detected, the easier the treatment becomes. The mammogram shows the tumor before it increases in size. The American Cancer Society says that women between the ages of 45 and 54 should have annual mammograms. As for women aged 55 and over, they can have this examination every two years.


Ultrasound and MRI


A breast ultrasound can help find fluid-filled cysts and sacs that are often not cancerous. You may have an MRI along with a mammogram as part of a routine test if you have a higher risk of breast cancer.


Self-examination


Doctors always recommend doing a breast self-examination once a month. Some studies suggest that these tests play a very small role in finding out if you have breast cancer compared to other testing methods, but it is very important to be aware of any changes in your breasts.


What do you do if you discover a lump in the breast?


First, there is no need to be afraid. 80% of breast lumps are not harmful cancerous lumps or are tissue changes related to the menstrual cycle. They often turn into harmless cysts. But you should tell your doctor right away if you feel something is in your breast. The earlier the detection, the higher the cure rate for this disease.


Breast biopsy


The only way to be sure if a tumor is benign or malignant is to do a biopsy, which means taking a sample of the mass so it can be examined in a laboratory. Your doctor may be able to do this with a small needle. But you may need to have surgery so that part or all of the lump is taken for testing. The results will show whether the cancer is benign or malignant and what type it is.


Breast cancer stages


If you've been diagnosed with breast cancer, the next step is to find out the size of the tumor and how it affects your body. Doctors use stages 0 through IV to describe if cancer is only in the breast, has spread to nearby lymph nodes, or has spread to other organs such as the lungs. Knowing the stage and type of breast cancer will help your medical team develop a treatment plan.


Chance of surviving this disease


The odds of a cure are related to how early you find it. The American Cancer Society says that 100% of women diagnosed with stage 1 breast cancer live at least 5 years, and many women recover from it. The more advanced the cancer, the lower the cure rate.


Breast Cancer Surgery


There are many types of breast cancer surgery, from removing the lump only, to preserve the breast, to removing the entire breast (mastectomy).


Chemotherapy


This treatment uses drugs to kill cancer cells anywhere in the body. They are often given intravenously, and they can be given orally. Chemotherapy helps reduce the size of the tumor before surgery. Chemotherapy can help control the spread of cancer in women who reach an advanced stage. Side effects may include hair loss, nausea, and fatigue.


How will your life be after being diagnosed with the disease?


There is no doubt that cancer is a life-changing experience, and you may have difficulty managing your daily work, work or social relationships. This may make you feel isolated. So it is very important to reach out to your friends and family for support. They may be able to go with you to treatments, help you with chores, or even make you feel like you're not alone. Many people choose to join a support group, either near them or online.


Breast cancer prevention methods


1. Breastfeeding from 6 months to 2 years reduces the risk of breast cancer by 25%


2. Doing sports and maintaining weight


3. Follow a healthy diet


4. Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking


5. Do a periodic breast examination and see a doctor


6. Avoid taking postmenopausal hormones


10 simple ways to prevent breast cancer in 2022

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