Arthritis... Symptoms, causes and treatment

Arthritis... Symptoms, causes and treatment
Arthritis... Symptoms, causes and treatment


Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints of the body, and it may occur in one or more joints of the body.


The joints of the knees, hands and parts of the back are the most common areas affected by arthritis. Arthritis causes difficulty in movement and hinders the person from performing his daily activities comfortably. The inflammation may be very severe, making it difficult to move completely, and the patient feels severe chronic pain. Arthritis is a common disease that affects everyone, whether young or old. Arthritis is not linked to a specific age. It may affect people in childhood or youth, but it is more common in old age. It is a chronic disease, due to the difficulty of its treatment, and the treatment of arthritis may need long periods until it is completely cured.


There are several types of joint diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bacterial arthritis, gout arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and osteoarthritis.


Causes of arthritis

There are many causes and factors that cause a person to develop arthritis, including:


Aging: As those who develop arthritis develop it after the age of forty, due to the fact that the bones become less solid, and become brittle as a result of the lack of calcium, vitamins and minerals in the body, which directly affects the joints. Therefore, you must take precautions and take the necessary vitamins after the age of forty to maintain calcium and vitamins in the body.


Heredity: Heredity plays a major role in a person’s infection with arthritis, as people who have a family history of disease are more likely than others to develop this disease. It is also possible for people with a family history of arthritis to develop arthritis at a young age.


Gender: Women suffer from arthritis more than men, especially after the end of the menstrual cycle, as women are exposed to a change in hormones, in addition to the fact that pregnancy and lactation greatly affect calcium and vitamins in a woman's body, causing her arthritis.


Weight gain: Excess weight also puts pressure on the bones and joints, causing arthritis. It also exposes the joints to severe stress, such as exercising violent sports, standing for long periods of time, or carrying heavy objects.


Arthritis symptoms

Patients feel tired and tired permanently, and a feeling of high temperatures, especially in women over 40 years old. Also, the inability to move well, feeling severe pain in the joints when moving or standing for long periods, and when the condition progresses, the patient feels very severe pain in the joints even while sitting without making any effort. You also feel severe pain in the joint during the change of seasons and the change of weather, especially, and joint pain usually increases in the winter, as the cold weather causes inflexibility in the joints and increases their swelling. You also feel severe pain in the area around the joint, and redness in this area to varying degrees; The more inflammation in the joint, the more redness appears in the area around it. The patient also felt severe pain and stiffness in the swollen joint when waking up in the morning, and this stiffness lessened after movement. There are some types of arthritis that cause a rash, but this is not very common. Finally, the patient is exposed to joint swelling and redness, especially when engaging in violent activities with the hands or feet, such as opening the cap of a tightly closed bottle, carrying heavy objects, or standing for a long time on the feet.


Arthritis treatment

Arthritis is treated by taking drugs and medical preparations that help reduce the condition and swelling, and this type of drug is only taken under the supervision of the doctor in order to determine the patient's condition and the necessary dose. Treatment is also done by applying ointments to the joints that help relieve pain, and bones and joints can be painted with camphor oil, as it contains natural painkillers that relieve joint pain and reduce swelling. The patient must also lose weight if she suffers from obesity, and do simple exercises that help strengthen the muscles and reduce swelling. The patient can also use cold and hot water compresses. Cold water helps reduce joint swelling, and warm water helps relax muscles and joints, thus relieving pain.


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