What is secondary infertility in women?

What is secondary infertility in women?
What is secondary infertility in women?

Information about primary infertility and its causes

Infertility is the inability to become pregnant after a full year or more of trying, or after repeated miscarriages more than once. About treatments that are intended for men, infertility can be treated with medications, surgery, or intrauterine insemination, and the causes of male infertility are detected through semen analysis.

Causes of infertility in men and women

The causes of infertility in men differ from its causes in women, and the problem of infertility is known as poor fertility, so that infertility is called if it is caused by women or by men, and among the most important causes of infertility in women and men are the following:

Problems with testicular function: They occur for several reasons, such as varicocele so that the veins that appeared on the testicles are large and thick, causing a decrease in the number of sperm and a change in their shape, drinking alcohol and drug abuse, smoking, trauma, cancer treatment that causes removal of the testicles in some cases of chemotherapy or Surgery, diabetes and autoimmune diseases.

Hormonal disorders: Disorders occur in the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus, so that the secretion of the hormone prolactin, which is made by the pituitary gland, increases, which leads to damage to the pituitary gland, low or no sperm count, adrenal hypertrophy, and the use of drugs that contain estrogen and testosterone in an exaggerated manner. In it, Cushing's syndrome, and chronic use of glucocorticoid drugs.

Genetic problems: Klinefelter syndrome, Y chromosome, tendinous dystrophy, and other genetic disorders are considered to cause low numbers of sperm to be produced.

Ovulation problems: Ovulation problems occur for several reasons, such as polycystic ovary disease, a decrease in the number of eggs with age, and the absence of menstruation for women over the age of fifty often.

Secondary infertility in women

Secondary infertility in women is defined as the inability to have children after the last birth, and secondary infertility is tiring and sudden, and the woman may need to do clinical medical examinations at a specialist doctor to find out the severity of the condition that infertility has reached, and the chances of secondary infertility in women increase if Abortion has occurred more than once or when a pregnant woman loses her child after her pregnancy exceeds twenty weeks, and according to statistics carried out by researchers, infertility ranked fifth in the world for women.

Causes of secondary infertility in women

The causes of secondary infertility in women are similar to infertility that sometimes affects women, and women in this period require psychological support that helps them to overcome the disease in an easier way, and these reasons include:

  • Old age, when a woman exceeds the age of thirty-five, she is more likely to suffer from secondary infertility due to a low number of eggs.

  • Increase in weight.

  •  Use of certain medications that cause secondary infertility.

  •  Blockage and damage to the fallopian tubes.

  •  Disturbances in the ovulation process.

  • Inflammation of the uterus.

  • Complications that occurred in a previous pregnancy or an operation that caused secondary infertility.

  •  Endometriosis disease.

Treatment of secondary infertility in women

Many people think that secondary infertility rarely affects women, but one third of secondary infertility cases are associated with women and the other third with men, and some secondary infertility cases are of unknown cause, and the most important ways to treat it:

  • The use of drugs that increase the fertility rate, some of them are taken orally, such as Clomid, and others are taken by injection, such as gonadotropins, which stimulate the ovaries directly.

  •  IVF that occurs outside the womb.

  •  Laparoscopic surgery, which is performed to remove fibroids, treat damage to the fallopian tubes, and treat problems that occur in the lining of the uterus.

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