What are the hormones?

What are the hormones?
What are the hormones?

What are the hormones?

Hormones are chemicals that are produced in the body, and they control some of the functions of certain cells of the body, and many hormones are produced by special glands called endocrine glands, these glands of the thyroid gland, which secretes thyroid hormone, and the pituitary gland, which secretes many hormones Responsible for basic functions in the body, hormones have a key role in the activities of daily life, among these activities are digestion, metabolism, growth, reproduction, mood swings, etc and some hormones such as neurotransmitters  have an effect on more than one bodily process.

Glands in the endocrine system

Each gland in the endocrine system is responsible for secreting a specific type of hormone into the bloodstream, and these hormones are transmitted through the blood to other cells to help control or contribute to many of the body's functions. Any slight disturbance in the work of any of the glands may lead to an imbalance. At the level of all other hormones, the glands in the endocrine system include the following:

The adrenal glands: They are two glands located above the kidneys, and they secrete cortisol.

Hypothalamus  or hypothalamus : It is part of the lower midbrain, which directs the pituitary gland to secrete hormones.

Ovaries: They are the two organs that produce eggs in the female reproductive system, and they also secrete sex hormones in females.

Islet cells in the pancreas: a group of cells located in the pancreas that are responsible for the two hormones that regulate blood sugar, insulin and glucagon.

Parathyroid glands: They are glands close to the thyroid gland that secrete the hormone that plays a role in the development of bone structure and raising the level of calcium in the blood.

Pineal gland: a small gland located roughly in the center of the brain, and is believed to be responsible for the body's biological clock and sleep times.

Pituitary gland: It is also a small gland located at the base of the brain behind the sinuses, and it is sometimes called the lady’s gland, it affects many other glands, especially the thyroid, and any problem in the pituitary may lead to diseases at the bone level, the female menstrual cycle, the secretion of breast milk and others .

Testicles: The two glands responsible for the production of sperm in a man and the production of male sex hormones.

The thymus: It is a gland located at the top of the chest that contributes to strengthening and building the body's immunity in the early stages of life.

Thyroid gland: It is a butterfly-like gland located in front of the neck, and controls the metabolism process in the body.

Hormone imbalance

Since hormones have a great role in managing and leading many tasks in the human body, any imbalance in their balance, no matter how small, can appear clear in its symptoms and lead to a noticeable change in an individual’s life. Hormones help the body in managing its main functions such as metabolism and reproduction, and they are naturally balanced Significantly, and when this balance is disturbed by the fact that one of the hormones is high or low, the final outcome of these tasks will change, and this imbalance can occur naturally with age, as it happens when the percentage of estrogen in women is physiologically low at the age of pregnancy, and can That this imbalance occurs due to a defect in the work of one of the endocrine glands, either by excess secretion or what is called hyperactivity or its deficiency or what is called insufficiency.

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance can vary greatly depending on the gland or hormone that led to this imbalance mainly. Any common hormonal problem in a man or a woman can lead to the following symptoms or some of them:

  • Increased weight gain.
  •  Fatigue.
  •  Increased sensitivity to heat or cold.
  •  constipation or diarrhea; dry skin; Round chubby face.
  •  Unexplained weight loss that may be sudden.
  •  An increase or decrease in the number of heartbeats. 
  • Muscle weakness world. 
  • Frequent urination and increased thirst.
  •  Generalized muscle pain, tenderness, and generalized stiffness.
  •  Pain and swelling in different joints of the body.
  •  Hair thinning and easy to break and pull out. 
  • Increased feeling of hunger.
  •  Depression.
  •  Decreased sexual desire.
  •  Anxiety, agitation, nervousness.
  •  Blurred and blurry vision. 
  • Excessive sweating. 
  • infertility;

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance

In women, hormonal imbalance can also be accompanied by symptoms specific to women, and the most common cause of hormonal imbalance in females is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and hormones can change naturally in females in cases such as: puberty, pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause, and in general Female symptoms of hormonal changes include:

Irregular or heavy periods, such as missing, stopping, or recurring periods with short periods.

Hirsutism, which is the excessive growth of hair in non-hairy areas such as the face, chin and other parts of the body.

Acne appears on the face, chest and upper back.

Hair loss and brittleness.

darkening of the skin;

Dryness and atrophy of the vagina, with these two issues making it difficult to have intercourse.

Night sweats.

Symptoms of hormonal imbalance in men

Testosterone greatly affects the physical development of males, so the lack of its secretion leads to major symptoms that can lead to a significant change in hormones in men, which leads to:

Breast tissue develops enlarges and causes pain. 

Erectile dysfunction.

loss of muscle mass.

Decreased sexual appetite.


A decrease in the abundance of beard and body hair.


difficulty concentrating.

Hot flashes.

How to keep hormones in balance

Any hormonal disorder must be accurately diagnosed so that the specialist doctor can provide the optimal treatment. Hormonal therapy must be accurate and specific to the patient, but the person can follow some basic tips that maintain the hormonal balance of his body and maintain his health, as some specialists think that yoga has a great effect on Treatment of hormonal imbalance, yoga is one of the excellent activities in maintaining physical strength, flexibility and balance, and can help reduce weight, and in general, these tips can be done to keep hormones in their optimal shape as possible:

Weight loss: A 10% weight loss can increase the chance of pregnancy in women, improve the regularity of the menstrual cycle, and help improve symptoms of erectile dysfunction in men.

Eating healthy meals: and maintaining a balanced diet, this contributes to improving all aspects of health.

Doing exercise: You must maintain proper and periodic sports activity, and do sports that do not require sports equipment, such as walking, jogging or swimming.

Reducing vaginal discomfort: using ointments and gels that help in the process of intercourse, especially for those who have reached menopause.

Avoid hot flashes: You should try to identify and avoid everything that increases the possibility of a hot flash, whether it is activity, mental state, food or drink.

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