What are the common causes of red eyes?

What are the common causes of red eyes?
What are the common causes of red eyes?


*** What is redness of the eye?


Eye redness is a common problem that has many causes. Red eye is also known as a bloodshot eye and indicates the presence of many different health problems. Eye redness appears when the small blood vessels on the surface of the eye become enlarged and crowded.

Some causes of redness are very concerned and must go to the doctor immediately, and others can be treated at home because it is a simple cause such as simple irritation, there are symptoms that occur with redness of the eye, such as (irritation, burning in the eye, dryness, pain, watery eyes, or sensitivity to light or blurry vision.


*** Common causes of red eyes


Inside the eye, there are two layers known as the sclera and the conjunctiva, and between them there are tiny blood vessels. Swelling of these tiny blood vessels can occur. The common causes of redness are allergies, eyestrain, wearing contact lenses a lot of time, or common eye infections such as the eye. Rosacea (conjunctivitis). Common causes of redness or congestion in the eyes include:


  • Airborne allergens such as air pollution, smoke from fire or cigarette smoke.
  • Dry air like closed offices.
  • dirt.
  • Airborne vapors such as gasoline or solvents.
  • Exposure to chemicals such as chlorine in swimming pools.
  • Excessive exposure to the sun when going out without sunglasses that block UV rays.
  • dry eyes;
  • Always wear contact lenses or without sterilizing them.
  • Eye strain, such as sitting in front of the phone or computer for a long time, or irregular sleep.
  • Bleeding in the subconjunctival area.
  • The presence of infections in the eye.
  • Trauma or injury to the eye.
  • Modern eye surgery such as LASIK and cosmetic eye surgery.
  • Uveitis.
  • Acute glaucoma.
  • The occurrence of corneal ulcers.
  • Intraocular blepharitis.


*** How does eye redness go?


Eye redness caused by common causes such as allergies, conjunctivitis or blepharitis, eye redness can be treated at home easily at home, and home remedies that can be done are:


A clean piece of cotton or clothing can be placed in cool water (cold pad). A cold compress over the closed eye several times a day will help reduce symptoms such as redness and swelling.

Use over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as antihistamines or decongestants. These are over-the-counter medications that reduce eye redness. Some medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, are also available over the counter to reduce swelling and bring relief.

Artificial tears can be used without a prescription and they help relieve redness of the eyes and remove irritants, it is recommended to keep them in the refrigerator.

Objects that cause irritants such as pollen, smoke or fumes should be avoided.

Wash hands frequently and avoid contact with eyes and surrounding area.

In case of eye redness, avoid wearing contact lenses.

It is advisable to reduce the time of looking at the screen such as the screen of the phone, TV or computer because they cause eye fatigue and dryness.

If the redness of the eye is accompanied by changes in vision or the presence of pain inside the eye, you must go to the doctor. The doctor makes a diagnosis, and based on the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a treatment that helps relieve symptoms, such as:

Steroid eye drops or tablets.

Antimicrobial medicines such as eye drops, tablets, or topical medicines that you put near your eyes.

Some types of prescription eye drops for conditions such as allergies, dry eyes or glaucoma.


*** The cause of eye redness in children.


There are many common causes that cause red eyes in children, and it can be due to excessive activity and movement of children, among the common causes of red eyes in children and infants:


  • Injury to the child's eye due to sports or activities.
  • The presence of a foreign body inside the eye and this can be seen when only one eye has redness.
  • The child's illness such as fever, cold or flu.
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye) is caused by a bacterial or viral infection.
  • Allergic reaction or sensitivity to food.
  • Eye irritation due to soap or any cosmetics and sunscreen in the eyes.
  • Excessive use of eye drops for a child.
  • Certain environmental factors such as smoke, smog, dust or chlorine from swimming pools.
  • Dry eyes caused by eye strain or cases of dry eyes due to sitting for a long time at the phone screen or in front of the TV.


*** The cause of redness of the eye and headache.


Eye redness can occur with a painful headache and the reasons for this indicate several different types of medical conditions, it can be caused by meningitis, tension headaches, or allergic reactions, and meningitis usually causes a feeling of stiff neck and red eyes with a headache Allergies also cause red eyes and headaches, especially for people with sinus diseases.


*** Cause of eye redness when showering.


There are a number of various reasons that cause eye redness while taking a shower, such as pollutants in tap water. Polluted water not only affects the body from the inside, but affects the hair, body and eyes as well. One of the most frequent times that water comes into contact with the eye is when taking a shower, eye redness occurs during Showering because of the water and the water vapor produced when you shower with hot water as well.


***Treatment of red eye in children at home.


Eye redness in children can be treated at home, but when you know the cause if it is one of the common causes and easy eye treatment, but if the cause is different, it is difficult, and ways to treat eye redness at home:


Eye drops

Some babies respond to over-the-counter eye drops, but babies are extra careful and the drops can't be used.


Remove contact lenses

If the child wears contact lenses, it is best to remove the lenses and make him wear glasses until the redness goes away.


Eyelid rinse

Rinse the child's eyelid with warm water for about five minutes. This relieves the redness.


Cold compresses

A piece of cotton cloth can be soaked in cold water for two minutes, then squeezed out the excess water and placed on the eyes. It is possible to put ice on a cotton cloth and put it on the eyes.


Warm compresses

Soak a washcloth in warm water for several minutes, squeeze out the excess water and place it over the eyes.


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