The relationship of dopamine and depression

The relationship of dopamine and depression
The relationship of dopamine and depression


Depression is a mood disorder that causes a constant feeling of sadness and loss of interest in things around the person, and it is a serious illness that can lead to violent behavior, as it is also called major depressive disorder, or clinical depression, which affects feelings, the way of thinking and behavior, and can lead to problems Different emotional and physical, a person may feel difficulties in doing simple routine things, and may feel that everything in life is not worth living, and there is a great relationship between the hormone dopamine and depression, as dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps in carrying out many brain activities, and its deficiency contributes to depression.

The relationship of dopamine and depression

Just like any major mental illness, depression is a complex condition that contributes to its occurrence by several combined factors. Dopamine and serotonin greatly contribute to the mechanism of depression and its development, but scientists lack many details about this mechanism and the reasons for its occurrence, and dopamine plays a major role in a sense of optimism, enthusiasm and happiness. When receiving rewards, when working with a continuous effort to reach a specific goal and then reach this goal, the feeling when reaching it is caused by a large burst of dopamine hormone, and depressive symptoms can be due to a decrease in the proportion of dopamine or due to an imbalance in the dopamine system as a whole, and this can be This imbalance is caused by exposure to long-term stress, pain, or psychological and physical trauma.

Causes of low dopamine

It can be said that most of the causes of low dopamine are unknown, although some diseases are associated with low dopamine, which allows them to be studied and determine their mechanism, but these diseases are of unknown cause, which makes it difficult to diagnose and treat initial or prevent them, so treatment is limited to episodic treatment by raising levels Dopamine, and among the reasons for which the hormone dopamine decreases, as follows:

Parkinson's disease: It is a degenerative disease associated with the breakdown of dopamine-producing neurons. Dopamine deficiency causes the fibrillation characteristic of Parkinson's disease, muscle paralysis, slow movement and difficulty initiating movements. It is usually difficult to diagnose Parkinson's disease, and more difficult to prevent or predict its occurrence.

Restless Leg Syndrome: In this syndrome, a person moves his feet during sleep, and it predicts a lack of dopamine production in the brain, which leads to many psychological conditions such as social fear and ADHD, and this syndrome can also predict the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, and from The characteristics of this syndrome are that a person moves his feet approximately 200 to 300 times during one night, which increases the heart's need for acceleration and pressure to rise, and the incidence of cardiovascular diseases increases.

Creative: Creative people may have a greater tendency to develop a lack of response to dopamine, although they have a sufficient proportion of dopamine, but there are few dopamine D2 receptors in the thalamus, and thus they may have a tendency to develop schizophrenia, and a low percentage of D2 receptors leads to a decrease in people's ability to exclude all thoughts , which makes them think of solutions to problems that other people do not see, but this leads to psychological disorders that may end in schizophrenia.

Drugs: Illicit drugs such as meperidine can contain chemical toxins that destroy dopamine-producing neurons, leading to low levels of dopamine with associated symptoms and long-term problems.

Symptoms of Dopamine Low The relationship between dopamine and depression includes the following:

Excessive sleep: The loss of some important nutrients for the body, such as iron, magnesium and zinc, can affect the lack of dopamine, which leads to excessive sleep. It is difficult for him to do routine things, especially exercise.

Decreased sexual desire: Dopamine deficiency leads to a significant lack of libido or libido. Most mental disorders cause this.

Rapid weight gain: Since low dopamine levels lead to the production of cravings for sugars, alcohol and saturated fats, and this often leads to rapid weight gain, especially with eating these substances accompanied by lack of movement and activity, and adding to the problem of excess weight that sugars and saturated fats further reduce the level of More dopamine, which increases depression and fatigue.

Difficulty concentrating: A small drop in dopamine can play a role in reducing a person's focus and ability to think effectively.

The best natural way to raise dopamine levels

There are many ways and natural foodstuffs that contribute to raising the level of dopamine to normal levels in those who suffer from low, but you should consult your doctor before doing any procedure that would raise dopamine, among these procedures are the following:

  • Eat plenty of protein.
  • Eat less saturated fat.
  • Take probiotics, which are substances that rebuild the body's natural flora.
  • Eat legumes such as beans and beans.
  • Do regular and continuous exercise.
  • Get enough sleep each day, which is about 7 to 9 hours a day for adults.
  • Listening to relaxing music that brings psychological comfort to a person.
  • Meditation, or as it is called in English meditation.
  • Get enough natural sunlight every day.
  • Take nutritional supplements such as vitamins, but you must tell your doctor before taking them.

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