How do I increase the level of sodium and potassium in the body?

How do I increase the level of sodium and potassium in the body?
How do I increase the level of sodium and potassium in the body?


*** What is Sodium and Potassium deficiency

Sodium is an electrolyte that plays a key role in regulating the levels of water and other electrolytes in the body.

When sodium levels drop, symptoms such as fatigue, confusion, and lethargy can occur.

An electrolyte deficiency, such as potassium, occurs when potassium levels fall below 3.5 mmol/litre.

Potassium is an essential mineral in the body. It regulates muscle contraction, maintains muscle function, and regulates fluid balance.


*** When does hyponatremia occur?

Sodium deficiency can occur when there are some health disorders, such as kidney failure, or other factors, such as drinking large amounts of water or taking certain medications.

When this disorder worsens, symptoms of hyponatremia include:

vomiting

muscle cramps

seizures

In fact, hyponatremia occurs when sodium levels are less than 135 mEq/L.

The health disorders that can result from severe hyponatremia can be fatal.


*** Causes and signs of potassium deficiency in the body

Despite its extreme importance, most adults do not get enough amounts of it through diet. This is due to following the pattern of the Western diet, in which processed foods are abundant at the expense of plant foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and nuts.

But potassium is rarely caused by a deficiency in the diet. In fact, it can be caused by a number of factors, including:

fluid loss

Malnutrition

Shock

Use of some medicines

Certain medical disorders, such as kidney failure

If the injury is temporary, and the person suffers from mild potassium deficiency, he may not suffer from any symptoms. After potassium levels fall below a certain limit, a person may feel:


Weakness

Tired

muscle cramps

constipation

Cardiac arrhythmia

Moreover, potassium can affect the kidneys, and a person may have to increase the number of times they go to the bathroom, and they may also feel thirsty.

A person may notice muscle disturbances during exercise. In severe cases, muscle weakness can lead to paralysis and even respiratory failure.


*** How to raise sodium levels

Treating hyponatremia involves maintaining sodium levels and treating the cause

Restore the correct sodium levels in the blood

People who have low sodium levels due to some lifestyle or medications can improve their sodium levels by giving up or changing these medications.

People with severe symptoms often need to stay in the hospital and have an intravenous sodium infusion in order to bring their sodium levels back to normal.

They may also need medication to treat seizures or other symptoms caused by low sodium.


*** Increasing sodium intake in the diet

In the event that the lack of sodium in the body is caused by a deficiency in the diet, the doctor can advise the patient to gradually increase the amount of salt in the food.

The recommended amount of sodium is about 1 teaspoon of salt per day for adults and 1/2 teaspoon of salt per day for children.

It should be known that the salt in processed foods, bread, pasta, sauce, and even sweets is one of the amount of salt that is calculated from the recommended daily portion of a person, meaning that it is considered a food that compensates for the lack of sodium.

It is also recommended to drink adequate amounts of water, about 12 cups a day for women and 16 cups for adult men.


***Treatment of the cause of hyponatremia

Hyponatremia is often caused by a disorder, and this disorder requires specialized treatment.

For example, if the person has liver disease, kidney disease or heart disease (these causes can be among the possible causes of hyponatremia). These disorders may require treatment through medication or surgery.

Also, people with thyroid disorders can manage their symptoms and prevent hyponatremia. In addition, some lifestyle changes can be made, such as avoiding smoking or refraining from drinking alcohol.

Syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone secretion usually involves ongoing treatment to prevent hyponatremia. People with this disorder need to limit fluid amounts in addition to taking some medications to treat this syndrome.


pharmaceutical

There are some effective medicines in raising sodium levels. These medicines are called vasopressin receptor antagonists.

These medicines are used for people who have fluid retention and should be avoided in people who are deficient. These medicines work best for people who have congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, and inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone syndrome.

Demeclocycline is an antibiotic sometimes used to treat the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone.

The results can be different, and after a period of time people may experience hypercorrection of sodium levels. But this medicine can sometimes cause kidney disorders and increased sensitivity to sunlight.


*** How to treat potassium deficiency in the body

In most cases, low potassium levels is something that needs to be monitored by a doctor and not just a minor disorder.

Mild to moderate potassium deficiency is usually treated with oral potassium supplementation. In some cases, the doctor may adjust other medications or treat the causes of potassium deficiency, such as diarrhea, vomiting, or eating disorders.

A potassium-rich diet is sometimes not enough to treat low potassium levels, because most potassium-rich foods also contain phosphate, not potassium chloride.

Potassium deficiency can also include hypochloremia, so it is best to take supplements rich in potassium chloride.

Usually 60-80 mmol of supplementation daily for several days is sufficient to increase potassium levels and treat mild deficiency. But it is always best to follow your doctor's advice.

In cases of severe deficiency, an intravenous potassium infusion may be given. This should be monitored very carefully by your doctor because of the risk of hypokalemia rebound, or severe potassium deficiency, which can be fatal.


*** Potassium supplement

If your doctor does not advise you to take it, do not take it on your own in order to increase your potassium levels.

In fact, mild to moderate potassium deficiency can be treated with potassium chloride supplementation, which ranges from 60-80 mmol per day.

But these supplements can irritate the intestinal lining, leading to bleeding or ulcers. As a result, it should be taken with water or food.

Also, excessive potassium intake can lead to its accumulation in the blood, which in turn leads to arrhythmias or severe heart disorders that can be fatal.


Food system  For patients with an underactive thyroid

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