Fat damage and its effect on the health of the body

Fat damage and its effect on the health of the body
Fat damage and its effect on the health of the body


Fats


Fat is one of the basic food elements that the body needs in certain amounts to survive, and to complete its vital functions and daily activities to the fullest extent. Fats perform critical functions in the body; It provides him with energy, helps him absorb some vitamins from food, protects his internal organs, maintains skin and hair health, and helps keep his temperature within normal rates in harsh conditions. To many serious health problems such as obesity, diabetes, heart disease and cancer, and fats have several types; Some of them are beneficial and some are harmful. Therefore, in order to avoid the damage of fats, they must be consumed in moderate quantities and the good types should be chosen.


Fat damage


Fats, as mentioned previously, have several types, and they can be divided according to their impact on the health of the body into two parts: beneficial fats, including omega-3 acids, and both types of unsaturated fats; Mono and poly, and harmful fats include saturated fats and trans fats, and the following is a presentation of the damages of these two types separately.


Saturated fat side effects


Saturated fats can be defined as compounds that lack double bonds between carbon atoms in them, so they are saturated with hydrogen, and they are also called solid fats, because they are in their solid state at room temperature, saturated fats are present in high levels in red meat, processed meat, chicken skin, dairy and cheese Coconut oil, palm oil, and some prepared foods such as cakes, biscuits, pastries and potato chips. Excessive consumption of saturated fat sources is closely linked to high levels of cholesterol in the blood, which may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke, so nutrition experts advise Moderate consumption of this type of fat does not exceed 10% of the total daily calories.


Trans fat side effects


Trans fats are the worst and most dangerous types of fats. Consuming them regularly and for long periods, no matter how small the amount, causes many serious health problems. It raises levels of harmful cholesterol and lowers levels of beneficial cholesterol in the blood. Chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and stroke, and the risk of trans fats on human health is such that consuming 2% of total calories increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by 23%. Trans fats are present in a huge number of food products that may be consumed regularly, such as margarine, fried foods, pies, pastries, donuts, biscuits of all kinds, pizza dough, fast food and snacks. and packaged foods.


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