Experts confirm the role of vaccines in reducing the risk of sepsis

Experts confirm the role of vaccines in reducing the risk of sepsis
Experts confirm the role of vaccines in reducing the risk of sepsis

Vaccines play an important role in reducing the risk of sepsis, a potentially fatal disease, according to an expert from the Cleveland Clinic, ahead of World Immunization Week, which the World Health Organization celebrates in the last week of April.

A healthy, active human immune system works to fight infection, said Dr. Chirang Choudhury, a pulmonologist and critical care physician at Cleveland Clinic. But if the immune system doesn't do this well, the infection may progress to a dangerous stage known as sepsis, or sepsis.

Individuals with weak immune systems are more at risk of sepsis, according to the expert, who stressed that prevention of infection with vaccination is important for these individuals.

How does sepsis happen?

Dr. Choudary explained that sepsis is caused by the spread of swelling or inflammation in the body, in addition to a drop in blood pressure, which is part of the body's response to infection, which leads to an inflammatory response, noting that chemicals released in the body due to the inflammatory response may cause a decrease in pressure. Unusual blood and clotting, which can lead to organ failure and even death.

He added that people over the age of 65, the very young, pregnant women, those with pre-existing infections or diseases such as diabetes and cancer, and patients admitted to hospital are more likely to develop sepsis, as well as people who are being treated for large cuts or burns, using a catheter or A breathing tube.

In elderly patients, infection can occur and develop rapidly as the immune system declines, as some physiological reactions and defenses deteriorate with age, according to the critical care physician at the Cleveland Clinic, who nonetheless said that chronic diseases may increase the likelihood of infection. , regardless of the patient's age. He added: “Cancer patients who receive chemotherapy, for example, go through times when their immune function is very low, and wounds may not heal properly in patients with diabetes, while a person with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cannot completely clean their lung, which enables bacteria It can settle more easily and cause infections in all of them."

While the World Health Organization acknowledges the difficulty of ascertaining the exact global impact of sepsis, it cites a study published in a scientific journal that estimates that in 2017, there were 48.9 million sepsis cases and 11 million sepsis-related deaths worldwide, about 20% of all deaths. Globalism.

Tips to prevent infection risks

Dr. Choudary recommends that patients talk to their doctors about which vaccinations they should get, which are determined by age, risk factors, previous vaccinations, and medical history. Vaccines recommended by doctors can include influenza, pneumococcus, coronavirus, human papillomavirus, shingles, or DTT (diphtheria, whooping cough, and tetanus), as well as booster vaccines.

Dr. Choudary called on individuals to protect themselves from infection by cleaning cuts and scrapes well, washing their hands frequently and bathing regularly, and carefully monitoring their blood glucose levels if they have diabetes.

He added, Sepsis can be treated with fluids and antibiotics if detected in its early stages, and if sepsis is suspected, it is necessary to treat it as an emergency and get medical help immediately.

While symptoms vary from person to person, most notable include fever with confusion or dizziness, rapid breathing rate, new or worsening shortness of breath, decreased urine or dark colored urine, rapid heartbeat and drop in blood pressure.

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