Effects of insulin on the fetus

Effects of insulin on the fetus
Effects of insulin on the fetus


Insulin


Insulin is a hormone that allows glucose or blood sugar to enter cells to provide them with energy and helps to break down fats and proteins to provide the body with energy, and the pancreas is the main source of insulin where a group of cells in the pancreas produce this hormone based on the amount of sugar in the blood. Insulin, and the lack of insulin in the body is a key factor in developing diabetes, and this deficiency occurs when the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells, which leads to its complete failure to produce it in people with type 1 diabetes, and in the second type, the deficiency occurs when these cells secrete insulin in small quantities that do not It fills the entire need for it, and we will talk in this article about the effects of insulin on the fetus.


Insulin side effects


For the fetus, insulin is the first option in the treatment of diabetes during pregnancy, due to its high effectiveness in controlling the level of sugar in the blood and not crossing the placenta, which means that it cannot reach the fetus. Insulin can be injected with a syringe or insulin pens, which are all safe for the pregnant woman, and it is known that during pregnancy, especially in the last months, the body needs insulin more, because the hormones produced by the placenta to help the fetus grow work at the same time to stop the work of insulin When the mother increases the need for insulin even more.

 In most cases, the doctor may need to adjust insulin doses for pregnant women with type 1 diabetes in order to increase the need for it, as mentioned previously. As for pregnant women with type 2 diabetes who use tablets to regulate blood sugar, the doctor may replace the tablets with insulin, although Its effectiveness, however, its use during pregnancy is not sufficiently studied, and the increased need for insulin may reduce its effectiveness in controlling the level of sugar in the blood as required. As for pregnant women with gestational diabetes, controlling the sugar level is through diet and exercise, and then using Insulin if blood sugar remains high.


Types of insulin


After talking about the effects of insulin on the fetus, the types of insulin will be mentioned, and it is worth noting that all types have the same effect on controlling the level of blood sugar during the day, but the difference is due to the speed of each type and the duration of its action, and the following types of insulin:


Fast-acting insulin: It starts working fifteen minutes after it is injected and lasts up to three to four hours, and it is injected before food.


Short-acting insulin: It starts working thirty to sixty minutes after it is injected and lasts up to five to eight hours, and it is injected before food.


Intermediate-acting insulin: It starts working one to two hours after it is injected and lasts up to fourteen to sixteen hours.


Long-acting insulin: It starts working at least two hours after it is injected and lasts up to 24 hours.


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