Characteristics of a mentally ill person

Characteristics of a mentally ill person

Characteristics of a mentally ill person
Characteristics of a mentally ill person

*** Signs that a person is mentally ill

The main warning signs that indicate that a person is mentally ill are:

Severe changes in mood

Withdrawal and social isolation

Serious changes in eating and sleeping habits

Constant sadness or nervousness

severe anxiety;

*** What are the characteristics of a mentally ill person?

The characteristics of the mental patient can vary, depending on the mental disorder and the severity of the disorder, but the signs and symptoms that are seen in mental disorders and indicate that the person is mentally ill are:

Feeling tired and unhappy

Inability to focus

excessive fear

An abnormal feeling of guilt

Sharp changes in mood


Tendency to act violently towards others

Isolation and avoidance of family, friends and social activities

Inability to continue romantic relationships

Inability to work or study

Talking about meaningless words

feeling tired

Insomnia or sleeping for long periods

detachment from reality



Hallucinations (hearing strange sounds, smelling strange, abnormal odors, or feeling strange things on the skin)

Inability to deal with everyday problems or stress

Excessive alcohol consumption


Loss of appetite or excessive eating

lack of sexual desire

suicidal thoughts

*** Causes of mental illness

The underlying cause of mental illness is not specified, but it can result from genetic causes, environmental factors, or a combination of the two:

Genetic factors: Mental illnesses are more common in people who have relatives with mental illness, some inherited genes increase the risk of mental illness, and other environmental and psychological factors can induce mental illness.

Exposure to harmful environmental factors before birth: Exposure to toxic substances, inflammatory disorders, alcohol or medications during pregnancy can increase a person's chance of developing mental illness later in life.

Change in brain chemistry: Neurotransmitters are chemicals in the brain that transmit signals to other parts of the brain and the rest of the body, and when an imbalance occurs in these chemicals, nerve function can change, and lead to mental illness.

*** Characteristics of a mentally ill child.

Children can suffer from moments and situations in which their behaviors change and they feel sad, but sometimes children may not return to their normal lives after a certain crisis has passed, and the child then turns into a mental patient

Emotional and behavioral signs that indicate that a child is mentally ill

The child is repeatedly aggressive or defensive

Baby crying and sad

Severe anxiety in a child

The child's annoyance and dissatisfaction when he is separated from his mother, or isolates him and avoids engaging in society

Inappropriate behavior of the child, such as sucking his fingers or wetting the bed

Difficulty paying attention, or if the child cannot sit up or stay focused

Physical signs: The child may suffer from:

Difficulty eating or sleeping

Physical pain that does not have a medical cause, such as headache, stomachache, nausea or other physical pain

Social signs and symptoms at school include:

The child does not get good grades in school

The child's inability to communicate well with other children

The child's unwillingness to attend social events such as birthday parties.

*** How to treat a mentally ill child?

Psychiatric diseases in children are similar to many medical disorders that require treatment, and despite the progress that has been made in treating adults with mental disorders, the treatment of children is still in its early stages, and common treatments include:

Medications: Many mental illnesses can be treated through medication and psychotherapy. The medications used to treat mental disorders in children include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, stimulant medications and antipsychotics.

Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy targets the emotional response to mental illness, and this process is carried out by a specialist who helps the child deal with his mental illness by discussing symptoms, thoughts and behaviors.

Creative therapies: This type of therapy can be useful for young children who have difficulty communicating their feelings.

*** How is the patient diagnosed psychologically?

It is possible to know that a person has a mental illness through clear and prominent symptoms without the need for a psychological disorder test, but it is necessary to visit a specialized doctor in order to make an accurate diagnosis so that the sick person can receive the appropriate treatment

The doctor will carefully monitor the symptoms in order to assess the person's health condition, and the doctor must be told the following:

If there are certain motivating factors that worsen the health condition

If the psychological problem is chronic and persistent, or if it disappears and reappears

The questions that the doctor asks to diagnose mental illness include when the mentally ill person first began noticing his strange symptoms, is there another person in the family suffering from mental illness, and other questions that help in the diagnosis.

There are no special medical tests that can diagnose mental illnesses, but the health care supervisor can perform tests, such as blood tests or imaging tests, in order to investigate other causes and disorders that affect a person's mental health.

*** How to treat a mentally ill person?

Treatments for mental disorders include

Medications: Some types of mental illness respond well to medications, such as antidepressants and antipsychotics. These medications change chemicals in the brain, so the person suffers from fewer symptoms, and it is important to take medications exactly as the doctor prescribes, and not stop using medications without consulting a doctor

Psychotherapy: The specialist can help the patient adapt to disorders and manage symptoms. Psychotherapy can be sessions between the patient or the doctor or be group sessions, and cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on changing negative behaviors and thoughts.

Alternative treatments: Some mental disorders, such as depression, can be improved with alternative treatments. Examples include herbal remedies, massage, acupuncture, yoga and meditation. It is best to consult a doctor before resorting to these treatments, because they can interfere with medications.

Brain stimulation therapy: Not all disorders improve with medication, so a doctor can resort to brain stimulation therapies. These treatments change the way nerves and other cells in the brain process chemicals and respond to stimuli.

There is no way to prevent mental illness, but it is possible to manage symptoms better when a sick person consults a doctor immediately if he notices a change in his behavior and suspects that he has a psychological problem.

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