Zanzibar Island ... the most important information

Zanzibar Island ... the most important information

Zanzibar Island ... the most important information
Zanzibar Island ... the most important information


Zanzibar Island


The island of Zanzibar is located in the Indian Ocean, 22 miles (35 km) off the eastern coast of Central Africa, and is part of the United Republic of Tanzania, and that was after it joined Tanganyika in 1964. The name Zanzibar is derived from the Persian language, which means coast. The Lions or the Land of the Blacks in reference to the dark skin of the islanders, Zanzibar was also called the Island of Spice; Because it is famous for the manufacture of various types of spices such as nutmeg, cinnamon, and black pepper, it is also home to many rare animals, and in the following we will talk about the island of Zanzibar in some detail.


Climate of Zanzibar Island


Temperatures often drop during the summer on the island of Zanzibar; Because of its exposure to strong sea breezes associated with the northeastern monsoon, especially in the northern and eastern coasts of the island, and the parts near the equator are warm throughout the year, while the rainfall is severe in the three months of March, April, and May, which are associated with the southern monsoons. Al Gharbia is known locally as Kosi, and the rainfall is secondary in both November and December, while the rainfall is minimum in July, and in the following we will talk about the wild animals on the island.


Wild animals on the island of Zanzibar


The island of Zanzibar includes many animals that reflect its connection to the African mainland during the last Ice Age, and also includes endemic mammals, the most important of which is the Zanzibar Red Colobus, which is the rarest among them in Africa with only 1,500 individuals isolated on the island for at least 1,000 years. The Zanzibar Red Colobus has different patterns of food habits, as it lives in the driest areas, as well as swamps, and agricultural areas, and about a third of them live in and around the Jozani forest, and one of the other rare animals on the island is the Zanzibar tiger, which is critically endangered, and inhabited areas include such as Jozani monkeys, pigs, small antelopes, leopards, various types of mongoose, and a large variety of birds and butterflies in rural areas in addition to the Pemba fox, and in the following we will talk about tourism on the island.


Tourism on the island of Zanzibar


 The island of Zanzibar is a wonderful beach paradise, a picturesque spot to escape from the world, and an ideal place for lovers of safari trips and exploration throughout the day, as it is rich in cultural heritage, and it is possible to carry out many diverse and interesting tourist activities, suitable for all tastes, which include the following:


Visit the only national park on the island, which is Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park, and Zala Park, where these parks are rich in wild animals.


Visit the Mnemba Island Conservation Area in the northeast, and the Menai Bay Protected Area in the southwest, where these reserves are rich in marine animals.


Doing diving trips organized by companies on the island.


Exploring Stone Town, with its winding streets dotted with many vendors, and alleys famous for its ancient architecture, Stone Town has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2000.


Calm the nerves and relax at the many white sand beaches, taking into account the high tides in Zanzibar, but this can be avoided by lying on the beaches of Kendwa or Nungwi in the far north of the island.


visit a spice farm; To learn how Zanzibar got its famous nickname, this farm offers an opportunity to learn about the variety of spices available in the city, learn how to grow them, and can also buy them from there before returning home.


Economy of Zanzibar Island


The island of Zanzibar depended in its economy on trade, as traders used to visit it from the Arabian Peninsula, the Persian Gulf region of modern Iran, and western India in the early first century, which includes the sale of many products such as pottery and cloves, but annual sales of cloves decreased by 80% in cent since the 1970s, and eventually the Zanzibar clove industry was disrupted; Because of the fast-moving world market, international competition, and Tanzania's failed experiment with socialism in the 1960s and 1970s when the government controlled the prices and exports of cloves, and now it supplies 7 percent of the world's cloves, it also depends on the export of spices, seaweed, fine raffia, and spices. Membership, the government has also established a free port zone that provides the following benefits:


Provide adequate storage facilities and other infrastructure to meet the efficient operation of trade.


Establish an effective management system for effective re-export of goods. Contribute to economic diversification by providing a window for free trade, as well as encouraging the establishment of support services.


Managing a system that imports and exports general merchandise and warehouses.


The island of Zanzibar also depends on the manufacture of cigarettes, shoes, and manufactured agricultural products, and the Tanzanian government and the revolutionary government of Zanzibar have made efforts to exploit what may be one of the most important discoveries in recent memory, which is the availability of oil in Zanzibar on the island of Pemba. That would help boost Zanzibar's economy significantly.


Culture on the island of Zanzibar


In 2000, the island included 207 public schools, 118 private schools, and three fully accredited universities, which are the University of Zanzibar, Zanzibar State University, and Summit University. The most famous event in Zanzibar is the Sailing Nations Festival, also known as the Zanzibar International Film Festival. , this event includes the best scene of coastal art including Zanzibar's favorite music, which takes place every year in July, and in 1973 Zanzibar introduced the first color television service in Africa, it also includes one AM station, 21 radio stations, and the Tanzania company is available For the limited communications that provide terrestrial communication service, in addition to the Internet and mobile phone companies.


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