What is congestive heart failure?

What is congestive heart failure?
What is congestive heart failure?


**** What is congestive heart failure?

When the heart pumps blood less efficiently than usual, kidney function is affected, resulting in water retention in the body. This condition is called congestive heart failure. For various reasons, blood travels through the body and the heart at a slower rate causing the chambers of the heart to thicken in response, weakening the heart muscle.


**** Possible reasons:

The causes of congestive heart failure can be traced back to the following factors:


Weakness and lack of efficiency of the narrowed arteries in the heart so that they are unable to pump blood efficiently, as most cases of heart failure follow due to the presence of coronary artery disease that reduces blood flow to the heart.

High blood pressure The heart makes much more work if the blood pressure is high, which leads to heart failure and failure.

A damaged or defective heart valve means the heart has to work extra hard to pump and regulate blood flow.

Inflammation, infection, or damage to the heart muscle, as well as genetic factors, play a role in heart failure.

Arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythms may lead to heart failure.

Alcohol abuse Drinking a lot of alcohol can weaken the heart muscle.

Regardless of these causes, there are often congenital heart defects, allergic reactions, blood clots in the lungs, or use of certain medications, all of which cause acute heart failure.


**** Risk factors:

When the heart works too hard, it is at risk of developing heart failure. So, we must understand the common risks associated with heart failure, most of which can be treated and avoided.

Lifestyle diseases such as excessive alcohol intake, smoking, obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Some medications may lead to heart failure or heart problems.

Sleep apnea prevents you from sleeping properly at night as your breathing is affected, and a low level of oxygen in your blood increases the risk of an irregular heartbeat. All of these problems can weaken the heart.


**** Signs and symptoms:

Shortness of breath when you strain yourself or when lying down, as well as coughing at night after lying in bed or needing pillows under the head to sleep, are also symptoms.

Water retention in the body, which leads to swelling of the ankles, legs and abdomen.

Marked decrease in the ability to exercise.

Increased and irregular heartbeat.

fatigue and weakness;

Chest pain if heart failure is caused by a heart attack.


**** Diagnosis:

Consult an experienced cardiologist at Medcare for the correct diagnosis. Your doctor will first check if you have conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, angina, high blood pressure, or if you smoke, drink alcohol, or take any medication.

A blood test is done to see the level of hemoglobin, kidney function, thyroid function, and other associated factors that may contribute to or lead to heart failure.

A chest X-ray may be required to see the size of the heart and any fluid buildup in the lungs or around the heart. An EKG helps see if there is any arrhythmia and no heart attack.

An echocardiogram helps evaluate the structure, movement, and function of the heart.

Any regression or deterioration of valve function, leakage or valvular stenosis may lead to heart failure.


**** Treatment options:

Treatment for congestive heart failure can be of multiple stages and levels, and includes medication, lifestyle changes and, if necessary, surgery. By treating the underlying cause, our cardiologists, with outstanding expertise in various areas related to heart disease, may improve the condition of your heart.

source: https://www.medcare.ae/en/services/view/cardiology/congestive-heart-failure.html


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