Tourism in Munich

Tourism in Munich
Tourism in Munich


The German city of Munich is located north of the Bavarian Alps, on the banks of the Isar River, a tributary of the Danube River. It is the third largest city in Germany after Hamburg and Berlin, and the second largest federal state in terms of population, with a population of approximately 1.5 million people, which It ranks 12th in the European Union, 3rd in the world, and 1st in Germany in quality of living, according to Mercer statistics for 2018. The city is a global center for arts, sciences, and technology, and this is evidenced by the presence of world-class science and technology museums, Such as the German Museum, the presence of two research universities, and a large number of scientific institutions in the city. The most prominent tourist attractions in Munich, its ancient history, and its economy will be mentioned during this article.

city ​​history

Munich The origins of the city of Munich go back to the Benedictine monastery in Tegernsee, which was established in 750 AD, when Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria, granted the monks the right to establish a market at the confluence of the Salzburg Road with the Isar River, where a bridge was built during the Isar the following year, and the Fortification of the market, to make Munich in 1255 AD the home of the Wittelsbach family, which took over the rule of Bavaria in 1180 AD, and the Wittelsbach family was closely linked to the fate of the city of Munich over the course of 700 years, as the city expanded, prospered and increased its wealth during their rule, especially during the reign of the Bavarian elector Maximilian I.

The city was later occupied by the Swedes in 1632 AD, under the leadership of Gustav II Adolf, and to the spread of the plague in 1634 AD, which claimed the lives of a third of the city’s population, when Louis I, King of Bavaria, who ruled the city of Munich from 1825 AD To the year 1848 AD, he left a clear imprint in the city of Munich, where he planned and built modern Munich with its distinctive buildings, at the hands of the most skilled architects and design engineers, so that the nineteenth century would be the greatest period of development and growth for the city of Munich.

Tourism in Munich

The Bavarian capital, Munich, combines a mixture of religious attractions such as luxurious Baroque churches, art museums, Bavarian palaces, and many amazing monuments, which embody the period in which the city was under the rule of the Weltsbach kings, who ruled Bavaria until the twentieth century, and museums of the most famous exports of German industries such as MW, as tourism in Munich is rich in both historical and artistic monuments, and the city provides its visitors with a unique view of the Alpine summit from the Rathaus and St. Peter's Church.

Munich tourist attractions

Munich has many places worth visiting to see, as it includes many art museums, archaeological museums, science galleries, Baroque churches, and the ancient historic palaces of the Weltsbach kings, which embody the life of ancient kings:

Alti Pincotheque

The Alte Pinckothek Gallery is one of the oldest art galleries in the world, and the most important tourist attraction in Munich. The Alte Pinckothek exhibition dates back to 1836 AD, when King Ludwig I ordered the collection of all the exhibits embodying the Weltsbach dynasty in an exceptional collection; To be displayed inside the Alte Pincotheque, the result was that 800 German, French, Dutch, Flemish, Italian and Spanish paintings from 1200 AD until 1800 AD were displayed in high quality.

Assam Church

The Assam Church was designed in the middle of the eighteenth century, as it gained its name from its two designers, the Assam brothers, one of whom was a painter and the other a sculptor, who designed the church in an amazing way, far from any religious connection in it. In addition, the two brothers broke many rules The Baroque layout of the interior design, so that the church constitutes a unique case, characterized by the beauty of its strangeness, and the delight of the onlookers, which makes it one of the most wonderful tourist attractions in Munich.

St. Church

Peter The Church of St. Peter is located on top of the hill in Petersburg. It was built twice in the city of Munich, the first was at the end of the eleventh century AD, but it was burned and destroyed in the year 1347 AD, to be reconstructed later in the Gothic style, bearing many elements of the Renaissance And the Baroque era throughout, as the church includes within it the statue of St. Peter, which was sculpted by Erasmus Grasser in the early sixteenth century, and Gothic paintings dating back to the fifteenth century, and frescoes from the late Baroque era, which makes it one of the most important tourist attractions in Munich.

Munich Palace

Located on the northern edge of the city, Munich Palace, one of the most important tourist attractions in Munich, dates back to the 14th century, when it was built as a castle for the Kings of Weltsbach. and the Baroque Forefathers Gallery, which displays a number of beautiful gilded mouldings.

German Museum

The most prominent tourist attraction in Munich, the German Museum, is located on an island in Isar. The museum contains many exhibits that embody nanotechnology, space, astronomy, reproduction, and hierarchical engineering. The museum also provides its visitors with children the opportunity to interact with many of the exhibits in it. By pressing buttons, crank wheels and lifting tools, this museum is one of the tourist attractions in Munich that you must visit and enjoy.

Munich Economy

After discussing the tourist attractions in Munich, we will discuss its economy, which previously faced many problems; Because of its location, which is a great distance from the sea ports, but this situation completely changed when other fuels other than coal were used, as the city of Munich became the cradle of heavy industries and light industries alike. The city became famous for the manufacture of cars, electrical appliances, and cosmetics, And the city became a center for conferences, book publishing and television production, and thus its economy became dependent on its industry mainly, which contributed to tourism in Munich positively.

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