The most prominent landmarks of Costa Rica

The most prominent landmarks of Costa Rica
The most prominent landmarks of Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Costa Rica is located in Central America, and shares its borders on all sides with Panama, Ecuador, the Caribbean Sea, the Pacific Ocean, and Nicaragua, and is inhabited by about 4.9 million people. Which meets all standards of United Nations development policies, and besides the head of state there are elected legislatures that exercise legislative power, and the other arm of the government in Costa Rica is the judiciary, which operates independently, and this article will address the most prominent features of the state of Costa Rica.

Costa Rica's history

The indigenous people of Costa Rica belong to the indigenous cultures of Central America and the Andes, and recently Costa Rica has been described as being part of the Colombian region, and more about the history of Costa Rica can be explained in the following:

Stone tools in Costa Rica are the oldest evidence of human presence in Costa Rica from distant times, as various groups of hunters arrived in the Torbalia Valley in Costa Rica from 10,000 to 7,000 BC.

There were settled agricultural societies in Costa Rica in the first two millennia BC, and the early use of pottery appeared from around 2000 to 3000 BC.

The influence of indigenous peoples on modern Costa Rican culture has been relatively little compared to other countries, as the country lacked a strong indigenous civilization, and most indigenous peoples were assimilated into Spanish-speaking colonial society through intermarriage.

Costa Rica was the southernmost of the General Provinces of Guatemala during most of the colonial period.

A major factor behind Costa Rica's poverty was the lack of a large number of indigenous people available for forced labour, which meant that most settlers had to work on their land.

Costa Rica was underappreciated by the Spanish Crown and it is believed that the conditions that occurred during this period led to many of the distinctive features for which Costa Rica has come to be known until now.

Since the late nineteenth century, Costa Rica has experienced two long periods of violence in the years 1917-1919 when General Federico Tinoco Granados ruled as a military dictator until he was overthrown and forced into exile. .

José Figueres led an armed uprising in 1948 following the disputed presidential elections between Rafael Angel Calderon Guardia and Otilio Ollette Blanco.

The victorious rebels formed a government league that abolished the military entirely, and oversaw the drafting of a new constitution by a democratically elected assembly. After enacting a number of reforms, the junta transferred power to Owlette on November 8, 1949. After the coup, Figueres became a national hero and won the country's first democratic elections under the terms of the country's first democratic elections. The new constitution in 1953.

Costa Rica's economy

Before clarifying the most prominent features of Costa Rica, it should be noted that Costa Rica has a moderate inflation rate estimated at about 2.6% in 2017, and growth rates in the gross domestic product have increased in recent years, and more about the Costa Rican economy can be explained in the following:

Costa Rica's GDP increased from $41.3 billion in 2011 to $52.6 billion in 2015.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development warned in 2017 that reducing Costa Rica's external debt should be a high priority for the government and recommended other fiscal reforms.

Many foreign companies operate in Costa Rica's free trade zones in manufacturing and services, where they benefit from investment and tax incentives, and more than half of this type of investment has come from the United States.

The state's resources vary between 5.5% of agriculture, 18.6% of industry and 75.9% of services. Agriculture employs 12.9% of the workforce, and industry provides 18.57% of it, while services provide about 69.02%, which is the most important component of the state's resources.

The most prominent landmarks of Costa Rica

There are many of the most prominent landmarks of Costa Rica scattered in a number of regions of the country, there are many different things that tourists can do in Costa Rica, whether in its historical or modern attractions, and a number of the most prominent features of Costa Rica can be clarified as follows:

National Butterfly Institute: Costa Rica is home to more than 1,250 species of butterflies, and more than 10% of the world's butterflies fly around the forests and fields of Costa Rica. tourists.

Mangroves: Mangroves are located around the coast of Costa Rica, and they are one of the most prominent features of Costa Rica because they are teeming with wildlife such as crabs, caimans, crocodiles, boas, frogs and river turtles. In addition, mangroves play a very important role in protecting the coasts from the destructive force of large storm surges.

Marino Ballena National Park: The Marino Ballena National Park serves as the base for migratory humpback whales from the Antarctic regions, and is home to killer whales, pilot whales, and families of dolphins, making the park one of Costa Rica's highlights.

Costa Rica's climate

After clarifying the most prominent features of the state of Costa Rica, it should be mentioned in general to the climate of Costa Rica. The Caribbean receives extensive rainfall throughout the year for the eastern coast of Costa Rica, with the most rainfall falling in the Barra del Colorado region, the higher mountain ranges of this region have warm temperate climates, the Pacific slopes have alternating wet and dry seasons, and the San Jose Valley enjoys moderate temperatures and precipitation Heavy rain, the average monthly rainfall there ranges from less than an inch in February to more than 12 inches in September, with an annual average of over 70 inches, and temperatures vary with altitude. The average temperature in San Jose is usually 69 degrees Fahrenheit. The average temperature is 59 degrees Fahrenheit at altitudes of 7,666 feet.

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