Skin cancer symptoms: things you need to notice

Skin cancer symptoms
Skin cancer symptoms


Skin cancer usually develops in areas exposed to sunlight, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, hands, and even feet, especially in women, and the incidence is not limited to these areas, so knowing the symptoms of skin cancer is important for everyone.


Symptoms of skin cancer according to its types

Skin cancer is the abnormal growth and proliferation of skin cells. There are three types of skin cancer, including the following:


1- Basal cell carcinoma

This cancer affects places that have been exposed to sunlight, and symptoms of this type of skin cancer may appear in the form of:

Waxy or squamous lump

Flat brown scar..


2- Squamous cell carcinoma

This type of skin cancer usually affects areas that are exposed to sunlight as well as those that are not exposed to sunlight.

Usually, people with dark skin are more likely to develop skin cancer of this type in places that have not been exposed to sunlight.


The symptoms of this type of skin cancer are:

Small red knot and hard.

Squamous scar and its surface is full of scales.


3- Melanoma

Melanoma may arise from any area of ​​the body, and it is one of the most dangerous types of skin cancer and affects all people of different body colors.


Symptoms of this type of skin cancer are as follows:

A large brown spot with dark spots inside.

A mole that changes colour, size and texture and may bleed at times.

A small scar with asymmetric borders and appears in different colors such as red, white, blue and dark blue.

Dark spots on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, fingers and toes, or in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, vagina or anus.

Less common skin cancer symptoms

After we learned about the common types of skin cancer and their symptoms, we now review with you the least common skin cancer symptoms, which are:


1- Kaposi Sarcoma

Kaposi's sarcoma is a rare type of skin cancer that affects the blood vessels of the skin and causes red or purple spots to appear on the skin.

This type of skin cancer usually affects people with weakened immune systems, such as those with AIDS or those who take medications that suppress the immune system.


2- Merkel cell carcinoma

Symptoms of this type of skin cancer include the appearance of hard nodules on or below the skin and in the hair follicles. Merckle cell carcinoma usually begins in the head or neck.


3- Sebaceous gland carcinoma

It is a rare and aggressive type of skin cancer that affects the sebaceous glands in the skin and usually begins in the eyelids.


Skin cancer symptoms: when do we detect them?

After we know the symptoms of skin cancer of its different types, we should always monitor our body. The sooner the symptoms are detected, the better the results of treatment, even in the case of melanoma, which is the most aggressive type of skin cancer.

You should also go to the doctor immediately to consult him as soon as you notice strange signs on your body, as they may be symptoms of skin cancer and infection, this will save a lot of suffering and time for the patient.

So it is important for everyone to know their body well, and to distinguish between normal and abnormal so that they can notice any suspicious changes.

It should be noted that skin cancer is usually not painful, but changes are easy to see and notice on the skin, so you should do a regular examination of your body.


Skin cancer symptoms: this is how you check your body

Take the following steps regularly to examine your body yourself and ensure that you do not have symptoms of skin cancer:

Remove all clothing and make sure there is enough light to see all of your body.

Use a mirror to look at hard-to-reach areas such as the back.

Make sure to check all parts of the body, even those places that are not exposed to direct sunlight, such as between fingers and under nails.


But what am I looking for?

There is a guide to screening for skin cancer symptoms known as ABCD, which means:


A indicates asymmetry: i.e. look for strange spots on the body that are asymmetrical in limbs.

B stands for borders: indicates patches with raised and asymmetric borders.

C means color: the spots of different colors such as red, blue and white.

D means the diameter of the circle: that is, the diameter of these spots increases with time.


You should also look for:

New moles.

Moles get bigger.

Moles become prominent over time.

The spots change color from brown to black.

Patches with lumps in them.

Moles whose surface becomes hard.

Moles that make you itch.

Bleeding moles.

Spots that look different from those on your body.

Researching the symptoms of skin cancer and regular self-checks of the body contributes to the early diagnosis of skin cancer, which increases the rates of cure and treatment.


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