Puerto Rico Island ... the most important information

Puerto Rico Island ... the most important information
Puerto Rico Island ... the most important information

Definition of the island

An island can be defined as a piece of land surrounded by water from all directions, and the island is near the continents and is smaller than them, and the island differs from the continent in terms of the diversity of its natural environment, biological systems and environmental disasters that occur inside it, and there are many types of island that are widely spread On the globe, they are continental islands such as Greenland, oceanic islands that arise due to volcanic movement, coral islands that are formed from coral reefs and inland islands, and the group of islands is called an archipelago such as Puerto Rico, and in this article information will be provided about the island of Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea bordering the Atlantic Ocean, and is part of the Greater Antilles chain. Puerto Rico is bordered on the east by the Dominican Republic, on the west by the Virgin Islands, on the southeast by the US state of Florida, and on the east by the islands of Vieques and Culebra. The island of Puerto Rico is self-governing, but Associated with the United States of America, it is an almost rectangular island, about 179 kilometers long and about 63 kilometers wide, and an area of ​​about 9,104 square kilometers, and its capital is San Juan, the most populous. The island is influenced by the nearby Spanish and American culture, and the island is characterized by its mountainous nature The presence of the hills and the deepest point in the Atlantic Ocean is about 8 km, and earthquakes still hit the island from time to time. The population of the island of Puerto Rico is estimated at about 3,915,798 people, according to the statistics of 2018, and its residents speak both Spanish and English, and it is one of the smallest of the three islands that make up the island chain with the islands of Santo Domingo and Cuba. After the Spanish-American War, the island of Puerto Rico became a possession of the United States of America and was liberated from the Spaniards in 1898 AD, and with the emergence of the Commonwealth as president of the island in 1952, Puerto Rico suffered from an economic problem and could no longer stand as an independent country and needed American aid to advance its economy, and the Commonwealth also continued to raise The economic level of the island, the increase in the number of factories, banking and the establishment of technological projects with the aim of raising funds and getting out of the financial crisis affecting the island.

The climate of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico has a tropical and rainy climate, where temperatures are high throughout the year, with average temperatures ranging from 21°C in the mountains to 29°C in low areas, and the eastern trade winds blow throughout the year on the island, and rainfall continues from From the beginning of April to November, the reason for the difference in temperatures, amounts of rain and wind direction is the presence of the central Cordillera Mountains, and temperatures on the island can rise up to 32 degrees Celsius in July and August, and temperatures change between the dry and wet seasons about 3.3 degrees Celsius, due to the warm waters in the Atlantic Ocean that modify the temperature of the cold air coming from the north and northwest. The temperature of coastal waters is about 24 degrees Celsius in February to 29 degrees Celsius in August. ​Precipitation is about 1,676 mm annually, with an average of 196 rainy days per year.

Economy of Puerto Rico

The island's economy depends largely on agriculture, such as growing pineapples, mangoes, and tropical fruits, and fishing, as well as industry and services. The port of San Juan is very important in supporting the island's economy as it acts as an important link on the sea trade routes in Spain. Markets were opened for the production of sugar from sugar cane on the island and the production of coffee as well, and with the end of the Second World War, the agricultural power to support the economy diminished and were replaced by factories with the support of government agencies for economic development, and these factories employed the largest possible number of local people and provided job opportunities for them and alleviated of the unemployment rates on the island, and investment in small enterprises was encouraged and tax exemptions were given to them. The factories scattered on the island produce many materials such as textiles, clothing, shoes, tobacco, wood, ceramics, as well as foodstuffs. With the increasing economic growth on the island, a large percentage of poverty has been eliminated. Attention has also been paid to the tourism sector, encouraging tourism on the island and providing them with appropriate services.

Tourism in Puerto Rico

The island of Puerto Rico is characterized by the charming geographical nature that attracts tourists to visit it from all over the world, and some historians call this island the island of magic; Because it contains a charming landscape that prompts tourists to return to it again and visit it, and among the most prominent tourist places on the island are the following:

Ventana Cave: Or the window of the cave, which is one of the most amazing places on the top of a cliff on the island, and insects, bats and snakes can be seen inside, as well as the Rio Grande River in the north of the island.

Palomino Resort: It is one of the best honeymoon resorts in the world, as it is characterized by a beautiful and comfortable atmosphere and blue shades reflecting from the water, and some water sports such as snorkeling and diving can be practiced.

Cuevas de Camuy: It is the third largest underground cave in the world, with an area of ​​about 300 acres, and various plants, stalagmites and stalactites can be seen inside, and the Rio Camu River can be heard inside.

Yonk Rainforests: It is one of the most picturesque natural areas that tourists visit and practice walking and hiking.

Mangalaris: They are a dry tropical forest, characterized by the presence of distinctive mangroves, which are home to many animals.

Los Morelos Lighthouse: The lighthouse is located at the top of a cliff, and the view of the sunset over the Caribbean Sea can be seen from there.

Lago dos Bocas: It is an artificial lake that was built in 1942 AD, and there are many restaurants around it.

Cerro Punta: It is the highest peak on the island, and it rises about 4,389 feet above sea level, and the east and west coasts of the island can be seen from there.

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