food system For patients with an underactive thyroid

food system  For patients with an underactive thyroid
food system  For patients with an underactive thyroid


Your diet affects your body's ability to produce thyroid hormones. Find out the best diet for patients with an underactive thyroid by reading the following article.

Diet plays an important role in patients with an underactive thyroid gland, there are foods that should be avoided and others that should be increased to improve the function of the thyroid gland.


In this article, we will learn about the best diet for patients with an underactive thyroid gland.


***Foods that should be included in a diet for patients with an underactive thyroid

There are some nutrients whose sources should be eaten in an underactive thyroid diet, including the following:


1. Iodine

Iodine is one of the most important elements that must be included in any diet for patients with an underactive thyroid, as the production of thyroid hormones requires iodine, which is not produced in the body.

Iodine is available in a number of foods, such as:

Iodized salt.

seaweed;

eggs.

Dairy products such as milk, cheese and ice cream.


2. Selenium

Thyroid tissue contains selenium, which plays an important role in the production of thyroid hormones, as well as having antioxidant properties.

There are many foods that contain selenium, such as:

Halibut

Tuna.

shrimp.

Brazil nuts.


3. Zinc

Zinc has beneficial effects in the production of thyroid hormones, so it should be included in any diet for patients with an underactive thyroid.

Among the foods rich in zinc are the following:

chicken.

Beef.

the crab.

legumes;

pumpkin seeds.


4. Magnesium

Magnesium is one of the elements that help the body fight fatigue and the various symptoms that may result from an underactive thyroid gland.

Among the foods rich in magnesium, we mention leafy vegetables, such as: spinach, and lettuce.


5. Iron

Iron supports thyroid function and is found in many foods, such as:

Brazil nuts.

cashew nuts;

Almonds.

pumpkin seeds.


6. Vitamin D

Inclusion of vitamin D in the diet of patients with an underactive thyroid gland contributes to reducing the accompanying symptoms.

The main source of vitamin D is sunlight, and it can also be obtained from eggs and fortified breakfast cereals.


*** Foods to be avoided in an underactive thyroid diet

Some foods contain substances that may interfere with the health and function of the thyroid gland, so it is recommended to avoid them in case of an underactive thyroid gland, and these substances include the following:


1. Goitrogens

The goiters are substances found in some foods and may interfere with the production of thyroid hormones, so these foods should be eaten in moderation in any diet for patients with an underactive thyroid gland.

Among the foods that contain peaches, we mention cruciferous vegetables, such as: cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower.


2. Lipoic acid

When taken in excess, lipoic acid may interfere with thyroid function, as well as affect the absorption of replacement hormones used in treatment.

Among the foods that contain lipoic acid are the following:

the liver;

the kidneys;

the heart.


3. Gluten

Gluten is a protein found in processed foods and is best avoided in any diet for patients with an underactive thyroid due to their increased risk of celiac disease.

Gluten is found in processed foods that contain wheat, barley, rye, and other grains.


4. Soy

In some rare cases, when eating large amounts of soy products and not getting enough iodine, soy may affect the thyroid's ability to produce hormones, so it should be reduced from the diet of patients with an underactive thyroid.

Among the foods that contain soy are the following:

tofu;

Edamame.

Soy milk.


5. Sodium

Patients with an underactive thyroid gland have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure, so those with an underactive thyroid should reduce the sodium level.

Processed foods generally contain a high level of sodium, such as frozen meat.


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