Causes and treatment of depression

Causes and treatment of depression
Causes and treatment of depression


Depression is not an easy thing to get rid of, and it is known as severe depression disorder, or clinical depression.

It is a disease that affects the soul and the body and affects the way of thinking and behaving, and it would lead to many emotional and physical problems, as it is one of the most prevalent diseases in the world, and people with depression usually cannot continue their daily lives as usual, as depression causes them A feeling of lack of any desire to live.

Depression may affect all age groups, as it is not limited to a specific age, gender, race or group, but some statistics indicate that more women than men have been diagnosed with cancer; This is because women seek treatment more than men.


*** Symptoms of depression

Symptoms of depression are various and varied; Because depression appears in different forms in different people, for example: symptoms of depression may appear in a 25-year-old person differently than in a 70-year-old.

Also, some people with depression may develop symptoms that are so severe that they clearly indicate that something is not right, and others may feel that they are generally poor, or that they are not happy without knowing the reason for it.


Symptoms of depression include:


Loss of desire to engage in normal daily activities.

Feeling of nervousness and depression.

Feeling of hopelessness.

Bouts of crying for no apparent reason.

sleep disturbances;

Difficulties concentrating.

Difficulties in making decisions.

Unintentional weight gain or loss.

nervous.

Anxiety and boredom.

Exessive sensitivity.

Feeling of tiredness or weakness.

Feeling of worthlessness.

Loss of desire for sex.

Suicidal thoughts or attempts to commit suicide.

Unexplained physical problems, such as back or head pain.


**** Causes and risk factors of depression

It is not yet known the exact cause that leads to the emergence of depression, but as is the case with other mental illnesses is that many biochemical, genetic and environmental factors can be the cause of depression, including:


1. Biochemical factors

The use of imaging with modern and advanced techniques has indicated that physical changes have occurred in the brains of people with depression, and it is not known what exactly these changes are and the degree of their importance, but clarifying this matter would eventually help in identifying and determining the causes of depression.

It is possible that naturally occurring chemicals in the human brain called neurotransmitters are related to mood and play a role in causing depression, and a hormonal imbalance in the body could be the cause of depression.


2. Genetic factors

Depression is more common in people who have biological relatives with depression, and researchers are still trying to uncover genes involved in causing depression.


3. Environmental factors

The environment is, to a certain degree, a cause for the emergence of depression. Environmental factors are situations and circumstances in life that are difficult to face and live with, such as: the loss of a loved one, economic problems and acute stress.


4. Other reasons

The exact cause of depression is not known, but there are several factors that appear to increase the risk of developing or worsening depression, including:


Suicides in the family.

Depressed mood in the morning.

Diseases such as: cancer, heart disease, Alzheimer's, or AIDS.

Continuous long-term use of certain medications, such as: medications of a certain type to treat high blood pressure, sleeping pills, and in some cases, contraceptive pills.


**** Complications of depression

Depression is a difficult and difficult disease and may constitute a heavy burden on individuals and families, and depression that is not treated may exacerbate and deteriorate to the point of disability and dependence, and even suicide, and depression can lead to severe emotional, behavioral, health, judicial, and economic problems. It affects all different areas of life.


Depression risks include:

suicide.

alcohol addiction;

Addiction to narcotics.

anxiety.

Heart disease and other diseases.

Problems at work or in education.

Conflicts within the family.

Difficulties in the marital relationship.

social isolation.


**** Diagnosis of depression

Doctors and therapists ask questions about mood and thoughts during routine therapy meetings. Sometimes the patient is asked to fill out a questionnaire that helps them identify symptoms of depression.

When doctors suspect that the patient has depression, they conduct a series of medical and psychological tests. These tests help reduce the possibility of other diseases that may be a cause of symptoms, help diagnose and reveal other complications related to the condition.


1. Tests to diagnose depression

The examinations include the following:

Physical examination.

Laboratory tests.

Psychological evaluation.


2. Criteria for diagnosing depression

A doctor or psychiatrist's evaluation helps determine whether the condition is severe depression or one of the other conditions that sometimes remind of severe depression, including:

Judgmental disorder: an acute emotional reaction to a traumatic life event, a mental illness that is related to psychological stress, and that affects emotions, thoughts, and behavior.

Bipolar disorder: Previously called manic-depressive psychosis, this type of disorder is characterized by fluctuating moods from one extreme to the other.

Cyclic Mood Disorder: It is a type of Adjustment Disorder.

Partial depression: It is a less severe and difficult disease, but it is more chronic than depression.

Postpartum depression: It is depression that appears in some women after they give birth to new children, and it usually appears a month after the birth.

Psychotic depression: It is severe and difficult depression accompanied by psychotic symptoms and phenomena, such as: hallucinations.

Schizoaffective disorder: It is a disease that includes the features and symptoms of schizophrenia and mood disorders.

Winter depression: This type of depression is associated with the change of seasons and insufficient exposure to sunlight.


Treating depression

There are cases in which depression is so severe that it is necessary for the doctor or someone close to the patient to follow up and monitor the treatment of depression closely until the patient recovers and reaches a position where he can participate actively in the decision-making process.


1. Dealing with depression

The majority of health workers treat depression as a chronic disease that requires long-term treatment, as well as diabetes or high blood pressure, as some people with depression experience only one period of depression, but in the majority of patients, symptoms of depression recur and last for life. .

Proper diagnosis and treatment can reduce symptoms of depression even if the symptoms of depression are severe. Proper treatment can improve the feeling of people with depression within a few weeks and enable them to return to their normal lives as they used to enjoy before suffering from depression.

A family doctor may help treat depression, but in other cases, a qualified psychologist is needed to treat depression, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, and social worker.

It is very important for the patient to have an active role in treating depression. In cooperation and joint work, the doctor or therapist can decide with the patient the type of depression treatment that is best and most appropriate for the patient's condition.


2. Depression treatment methods

Include the following:

pharmaceutical

Dozens of medications are available in the market to treat depression, so depression symptoms can be alleviated by combining medications and psychotherapy. Most antidepressant medications are equally effective and effective, but some of them may cause very severe and dangerous side effects.


The stages of depression treatment include the following:

Typical first choice: Many doctors begin treating depression with antidepressant medications known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

Typical second choice: a group of antidepressants known as tricyclic antidepressants.

A typical last choice: a group of antidepressants known as monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

All antidepressants can cause unwanted side effects, and side effects appear at varying levels of severity in different patients. Sometimes these side effects are so mild that it is not necessary to stop taking the medication, and these symptoms may disappear or lessen within a few weeks of starting. start treatment.


Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is also called talk therapy, counseling, or psychosocial therapy. Psychotherapy is sometimes used in parallel and in conjunction with drug therapy. Psychotherapy is an umbrella term for treating depression through conversations with a therapist about the situation and related issues.

electrostatic evaporation

An electric current is passed through the brain to cause a flood of emotions.


3. Healing from depression

Depression may sometimes be so severe that the patient must be admitted to the hospital for treatment in the psychiatric department, but even in cases of severe depression it is not always easy to decide on the method of treating depression and whether it is the appropriate treatment, if there is a possibility to treat the patient outside the hospital As effective or more effective, it is likely that the doctor will not recommend hospitalization.

Hospitalization of the patient in the psychiatric department is usually preferred in cases where the patient cannot take care of himself properly, or when there is a serious fear that he will harm himself or anyone else.


****Prevention of depression

There is no way to prevent depression, but doing some things can prevent or prevent recurring symptoms, such as:

Take measures to control stress to raise the level of joy and the level of self-esteem.

Support from friends and family, especially in times of crisis, can help overcome depression.

Early treatment of the problem as soon as the first signs or symptoms appear can help and prevent depression from getting worse.

Long-term preventive treatment also prevents depressive symptoms from recurring.


**** ALTERNATIVE TREATMENTS

Some people resort to complementary or alternative medicine methods to relieve symptoms of depression, these methods include the use of some herbs or some alternative treatment methods, but before using these methods, you should consult a doctor to see if they conflict with the basic treatment methods or not, and these methods include:

St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum), also known as heartwortOmega-3 fatty acids.

Chinese acupuncture.

yoga.

Meditation.

Massage therapy.


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