Acne: causes, symptoms and treatment methods in 2022

Acne is one of the most common skin conditions in the United States, for example, that affects 40 to 50 million Americans of all ages, races, and backgrounds.

Blackheads or pimples are one of the problems that most people experience at some point in their life. Pimples and blackheads are just two symptoms of a systemic inflammatory condition that the medical literature refers to as acne vulgaris.

Acne: causes, symptoms and treatment methods in 2022

** Symptoms of acne

This pathology occurs as a result of blockage of hair follicles in the skin. This blockage usually involves oily or skin cells. When infected, you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:

White pimples, which close clogged pores.

Blackheads, which close open pores.

Sensitive red bumps called papules.

blisters that contain pus

Painful lumps under the skin, called nodules and cystic lesions.

These symptoms may not be limited to the face only. It may also occur on:



the neck.

the chest.

Causes of acne

When you have this skin problem, it is important not to blame yourself and feel that you are the cause of it as a result of certain mistakes you have made, such as eating French fries and chocolate a lot or not paying attention to the cleanliness of the skin. Recent studies have proven that these errors - to some extent - are not the main reason for the emergence of this skin problem.

Instead, what happens in the skin is complicated. The sebaceous glands at the tips of the hair follicles on your skin may be overactive, usually due to hormonal changes. As a result, the pores become clogged and inflammation occurs. This happens especially during puberty, which is why many teens suffer from acne. Knowing that this problem can occur at any age.

**How ​​to get rid of acne

Treatments for this condition aim to treat and prevent the appearance of acne again, as well as preventing the appearance of scars on the skin. These treatments include:

** Over-the-counter treatments

The first solution to consider is treating acne at home with one of the popular over-the-counter (OTC) treatments. This may only be suitable for minor infestations.

** The chemical compound “benzoyl peroxide”

The most popular acne treatment is one that contains the antibacterial agent benzoyl peroxide. This is because:

It does not cause the risk of bacterial resistance to benzoyl peroxide.

It is recommended that benzoyl peroxide be added to antibiotic treatment because it reduces the risk of bacterial resistance.

It's available in creams, cleansers, and spot treatments. It comes in different concentrations depending on the severity of the problem.

Easy to find in many stores.

It works to kill bacteria under the skin and unclog pores.

It's good for treating inflammatory acne (those red bumps).

However, it is not a good option in the following cases:

It is not good at treating blackheads and whiteheads.

It is also not effective for nodular acne - the most serious category of acne. Which requires the intervention of a dermatologist.

Knowing that preparations containing salicylic acid may also help treat a simple acne problem.

**Treatment of more serious cases

More serious cases of acne require a doctor's intervention, so you may need to see a dermatologist. Your doctor may prescribe topical or oral antibiotics, which may be necessary to treat more severe and widespread acne. He may also prescribe some types of birth control pills in tandem with a specific antibiotic.

In the event of a very severe infection, oral steroid preparations may be used.

**Lifestyle change

You may be wondering what lifestyle changes you can add to your topical or oral medication regimen in order to treat acne breakouts. Among the most notable are:

Protect yourself from direct exposure to sunlight. This is because many acne medications will increase your sensitivity to the sun and make you more susceptible to sunburn.

Do not touch or attempt to open any acne lesions. This could cause scars to appear later.

Do exercise. Exercise is a great way to reduce stress.

Avoid foods that may inflame acne. There is evidence to suggest that cow's milk and foods with a high glycemic index may cause acne vulgaris.

**How ​​to deal with acne

Acne may affect a person's mental health. This is because it distorts the face, which increases anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem in the affected person. So if a parent or child has acne, help them by offering not only the medical treatments listed above but also emotional support.

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